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Anatomy IV; Endocrine Glands
What gland secretes melatonin?
Body internal clock/circadian rhythm
What gland secretes ADH(anti-diuretic hormone) and Oxytocin?
ADH (anti-diuretic hormone)
decreases urine output
responsible for uterus contraction for labor & releasing milk
What gland secretes TSH, ACTH, FSH, LH, GH and PH?
TSH (thyroid stimulating H)
stimulates secretion of hormones from thyroid follicular cell
ACTH (adrenocorticotropic H)
secretion of glucotinius & growth of adrenal gland
FSH (follicle-stimulating H)
Ovarian follicle growth, estrogen secretion/sperm production
LH (luteinizing H)
Ovarian follicle growth, estrogen & progesterone secretion.....testosterone secret
GH (growth H)
breast development & secretion of milk
pineal, hypothalamus, pituitary
What 3 glands are in the head?
thyroid and parathyroid
What 2 glands are in the neck & throat?
Increases blood calcium concentration
T3(triidothyronine) T4(tetraiodothyronine--forms C cells & Calcitonin
decreases blood calcium concentration
What gland is in the abdominal/pelvic area?
Alpha & Beta cells
Increases blood glucose level
Decreases blood glucose level
What gland is in the Mediastine area?
white blood cells
What are T&B cells?
produces T&B cells
secrete estrogen & progesterone
responsible for breast contour & growth, menstrual cycle
prepares the uterus for pregnancy
responsible for beard, voice change, muscles and maturation of external genitals
What glands are on top of the kidneys?
increase blood sodium, decrease potassium
What layer of the adrenal gland is the mineralocorticoids?
breaks down proteins & fats stored and converts them into glucose for an energy source
What layer of the adrenal gland is the glucocorticoids?
Prolongs the effects of the sympathetic stimulation--fight or flight response
what layer of the adrenal gland is the Epinephrine/Non-Epinephrine?
Adrenal medulla hormone that increases blood pressure by stimulating vasoconstriction during a stress response
Posterior pituitary hormone that decreases urine output by stimulating the kidneys to reabsorb weater, preventing dehydration
Anterior pituitary hormone that regulates the endocrine activity of the adrenal cortex
Anterior pituitary hormone that stimulates protein synthesis for muscle/bone growth and maintenance
Prepares the endomedtrium for pregnancy
secretions of the endocrine system; chemical messengers