Terms in this set (135)
The most significant difference between film and theatre is
The relationship between the performer and the audience
Theatre as an art form is
unique from music and the visual arts, as it occupies both time and space
Which of the following is NOT a necessary component of a theatrical event?
Which of the following patterns emerged as theatre globalized?
interaction, adaptation, collaboration
A key difference between visual and performance art is audience interaction.
Art can be best understood as a mirror: an extension or projection of how we live, think and feel.
Despite global influences, contemporary theatre tends to maintain the uniform and traditional styles of the country of production
The design elements of a theatrical production are purely visual
As opposed to music and the visual arts, theatre is a fully collaborative art form involving different specialists who share a common vision for a unified production.
Theatre employs such an in-depth collaborative process that an audience is not essential to the completed production.
Even though film and other forms of electronic media dominate world contemporary culture, live theatre has at least 2,300 more years of history and established tradition.
Even television reality-show contestants are selected or 'cast' for their character type to improve the chances for dramatic interactions among contestants.
If a reviewer dislikes a particular production, it is best to avoid going to see it.
The size and type of theatre space affects audience perception; therefore, the choice of theatre space makes a big difference to both actors and the audience.
Saturday Night Live uses a format established in early vaudeville that was a popular form of entertainment in the early twentieth century.
The presence of conflict or tension is necessary for drama to exist.
Stock characters and dominant trait characters tend to appear most often in comedies or melodramas, due to their more two-dimensional nature.
In a traditional tragedy, the hero or heroine is caught in circumstances from which there is no escape and which inevitably lead to a fateful end
Comedy of manners is a form of comic drama that emphasizes a sophisticated atmosphere and witty dialogue.
Bourgeois or domestic drama consists of plays that deal with middle- or lower-middle-class characters that face problems of the family and the home rather than affairs of state.
The word "genre" means an ability to "generalize about all human beings by observing a small portion of their actions."
If a playwright is writing about a historical event, it is inappropriate for the playwright to change the order of events to suit his/her purpose.
Performers must not mix acting methods; they should find a method that works for them and then strictly adhere to that method's approach.
While there have been changes and modifications over the years to Stanislavski's approach to realistic acting, his theories continue to form the basis for most acting training.
Postmodern directors tend to integrate elements of dance, film, video, and computer material into their productions.
The artistic director is responsible for all the creative activities of a noncommercial theatre.
The point of view of an auteur production is that of the director, not the playwright.
A movie theatre is configured more like a thrust stage than a proscenium stage.
One disadvantage of the proscenium stage is that it tends to lose intimacy that is found in other types of theatre spaces.
The scene designer's visual choices must support the movement and physical action of the play.
Within the theatrical setting, the designer tends to make artistic choices independently, rather than working on cooperation with other theatre artists.
Gobos allows you to project patterns on stage that resemble light coming through branches, or an image of windows, or clouds, or stars, etc.
For the first 2,000 years of its recorded history, theatrical performances were held mostly outdoors during the day.
Despite the popularity of medieval religious drama, secular theatre and drama also existed in the Middle Ages.
Thespis is considered the first playwright.
The Greek amphitheatre is the first example of a proscenium theatre space.
The god Dionysus, to whom the Greek dramatic festivals were dedicated, was the god of war, death and chastity.
No one knows how theatre began, and where or when it originated.
Sanskrit drama typically included both serious and comic elements, as well as a number of different locations and characters.
Under Islamic rule in India, theatrical productions and classic Sanskrit dramas continued to be encouraged and maintained.
Kabuki plays feature beautiful scenic effects and also include the first known use of a revolving stage.
Italian commedia dell'arte had no set dialogue; it was largely improvisational.
The proscenium arch was partially responsible for the move toward greater theatrical realism.
During the Restoration period, the theatrical entrepreneur emerged.
Theatre was so popular in the nineteenth century that several theatre riots resulted from audiences' passion.
Theatres became larger during the eighteenth century, to accommodate the new middle-class audience.
One of Anton Chekhov's most famous works, The Sea Gull, was a dismal failure in its first public performance in Russia.
Realistic plays have been the dominant style of theatre in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries.
Waiting for Godot is probably the most famous realistic play ever written.
The power of a realistic play lies in the credibility and sense of identification it creates.
Adolphe Appia and Edward Gordon Craig greatly influenced theatrical lighting design through their inclusion of light as an integral visual element in scene design.
The Federal Theatre project of the 1930s was created to help theatre artists through the Depression; it included units for African Americans.
A common approach of postmodernist directors is to deconstruct classic theatrical works in favor of developing new individual conceptualizations of the material.
African American and Asian American performers have historically escaped being cast as stereotypes in dramatic roles.
Despite global communication and worldwide commerce, there is a surprising lack of theatrical exchange around the world.
A contemporary trend in musical theatre is a genre referred to as the _______, in which a story is written around already popular rock music.
At the heart of the theatre performance experience is the
actor audience relationship
The degree of separation between the object or an event, which an artist creates and the audience observes, is called
The putting aside of all literal and practical considerations by the audience in order to enter into the world of the drama is called
the willing suspense of disbelief
The point of view of the _______ generally dominates an auteur production
One characteristic of _________ is that each performance is unique and occurs in the presence of an audience.
One characteristic of _________ is that the audience is capable of affecting the performers
One characteristic of ________ is that identical performances can be presented in many different places at the same time
The selection and arrangement of scenes that actually happen onstage is called the
The final and most significant crisis is referred to as the
The imparting of details about the past that are essential but not covered by the action onstage is known as
A hallmark of commedia dell'arte is its
The dramatic structure that features a restricted number of scenes is
Which type of dramatic structure features large numbers of locales?
Which type of dramatic structure often features many characters?
In ________, the hero or heroine is a person of social stature: a king, a queen, a general, a nobleman, etc.
In which tragic form do the characters tend to be regular men and women?
Which comic form has few intellectual pretentions; its humor arises as the result of ridiculous situations?
One type of comic form that relies on gross exaggeration and occasional vulgarity is
Which of the following is NOT one of the responsibilities of a performer in the theatre?
to coordinate the elements and the vision of the production
Which of the following best characterizes acting in classical Asian theatres?
stylization and symbolism
In response to the new realistic drama of the late nineteenth century, ______ devised a system to teach performers how to achieve the necessary believability
Ensemble acting emphasizes the
artistic unity of a group
Centering" involves finding the place where all the lines of force in the body come together. It is located, roughly, in the
middle of the torso
Stanislavski's early research into realistic acting techniques was conducted while he was directing many plays by
"Viewpoints" theory is an approach to acting that originated in the United States and combines dance and stage movement with concepts of
time and space
Which of the following is NOT the responsibility of the dramaturg?
hiring the director and performers
In a noncommercial theatre, the managing director is akin to the ______ in a commercial theatre
A performance in front of an audience prior to the 'official' opening of a play, when the director and the performers discover which parts of the play are successful and which are not, is known as the
The arrangement and movements of performers relative to each other and to the stage space is called
Which person casts the actors?
Which person oversees the budget?
Which person communicates the rehearsal schedule to the performers?
A "fourth wall theatre" describes a(n)
Which of the following provides the most intimate performance space?
arena stage or theatre in the round
The type of performance space associated with street theatre is the
created or found space
Developed by the Greeks, the _______ was also the type of theatre space used during Shakespeare's time
Elaborate scenery on/in a(n) ________ is impossible because it would block the view of some audience members
arena or in round
Which of the following is not ordinarily used for performances?
created or found space
In a(n) _______, action occurs on several stages simultaneously
multi focus theatre
A stage set should tell the audience
when and where the play takes place, what kind of characters the play is about
Stage right and stage left mean the right side and the left side, respectively, from the perspective of the
actors facing the audience
A ________ is a gauze or cloth screen that, when painted and lit from the front, appears solid, but when lit from behind becomes transparent.
Costumes do NOT indicate the
inner most thoughts of a character
A circle set in the stage floor that can turn mechanically to bring one set into view as another disappears is called a
A hole cut in the stage floor through which performers can enter or leave the stage is called a
A low platform on wheels upon which set pieces are brought onstage is called a
When a beam of light is aimed at a particular area on the stage, it is said to be
Which of the following terms is used when one set of lights comes down at the same time that another set of lights comes up?
what term is used when all the lights are shut off at once
Which of the following terms is used when the lights dim slowly, changing the scene from brighter to darker?
A wireless microphone attached to a performer is called a
A door slamming fits into which category of sound?
Who wrote "King Oedipus"?
ASE who is most modern?
the first important greek dramatist
a dramatizes a series of biblical events?
a uses religious characters and religious themes to teach a leasson
Which two forms of Asian theatre include long narrow bridges (the hashigakari and the hanamichi) used for actor entrances?
no and kabuki
Zeami Motokiyo was the most important and influential figure in the history of which form of drama?
Shadow puppets are made of what material?
Kabuki theatre was originated by
a shinto priestess
The automatic scene-shifting method of changing wings and back shutters on and off the stage simultaneously that was developed by Italian Giacomo Torelli is known as the
pole and chariot system
Which of the following most accurately defines the term unities?
. a neoclassicist mandate for playwrights, formulated by Italian critics
Which of the following was NOT a category of personnel in an Elizabethan acting company?
Of the following, which did NOT include women in their ranks
Elizabeth acting companies
The stage in an Elizabethan public theatre was most like a contemporary
A type of play that pokes fun at the social conventions of the upper class
comedy of manners
The type of theatre space preferred during the Restoration was the
The dramatic form that emphasizes suspense and excitement, is primarily escapist in form, and is accompanied by music, is known as
The playwrights Carlo Goldoni and Carlo Gozzi were in conflict over the direction that _______ should take
Georg II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen, is noted for his work as a(n
The Bibiena family is noted for their work as
Which theatrical movement often bombards the viewers' senses, such as blinding them with light or deafening them with sound?
theatre of crulety
Presentation of dramatic action through the eyes of the protagonist, often distorted and dreamlike, is a feature of which theatrical movement?
the word agitrop, short for "agitation propaganda," is often applied to plays that
have a strong political agenda
The central characters of the play "The Boys in the Band" by Mart Crowley were
Which contemporary theatre form is an alternative to commercial theatre in London?
Which contemporary theatre form sometimes involves a director "deconstructing" a text?
post modernist theatre
Non-text-based theatre is closely associated with which contemporary theatrical approach?
post modernist theatre