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Negative feedback system
regulates the amount of hormones secreted by the endocrine gland by stimulating the opposite response
Hormonal control system
What system uses hormones to stimulate or inhibit the release of other hormones?
What cell wraps around the neurons of the peripheral nervous system to form a myelin sheath?
What element of the CNS is responsible for the smooth and coordinated movement of skeletal muscle?
autonomic nervous sytstem
part of the PNS that is involuntary, supplying impulses to smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, and glands
parasympathetic nervous system
part of the ANS that conserves body resources and activates the relaxation response
sympathetic nervous system
part of the ANS involved with spending body resources and preparing the body for emergency situations
an instantaneous, automatic response to a stimulus originating from either inside or oustside the body.
a collective term for a vast range of chemicals that facilitate, arouse, or inhibit the transmission of nerve impulses
which layer of the dura mater, or pachymenix, lies on the inside surface of the cranium or skull?
parasympathetic nervous system
what is the divison of the autonomic nervous system that is involved with the relaxation response?
central nervous system
What division of the nervous system contains the brain, spinal cord, CSF, and meninges?
What part of the brain governs muscle tone, coordination, balance, fine and gross motor movements?
golgi tendon organs
What are the tendon reflex receptors called that respond by inhibiting muscle contractions?
What is the general term for receptors responding to changes in muscle length, tension, and body position?
sympathetic and parasympathetic
The autonomic nervous system is divided into which of the following?
Any impulse which travels away from the CNS to activate or inhibit a muscle or gland is called what?
Sensory nerves that carry impulses from nerve receptors to the brain or spinal cord are called what?
What are the receptors called that respond to stimuli originating from within the body regarding the function of the internal organs, such as digestion, excretion, and blood pressure, and are located in the viscera?
What is the term used to describe when the inside of the neural membrane bears a negative charge and the outside of the neural membrane bears a positive charge?
The regulation of the sleep cycle, water balance, and the production of ADH occurs in the?
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