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Romeo & Juliet Glossary of Literary Terms, A. Student
Use this set to review for the Romeo & Juliet test.
Terms in this set (58)
the repetition of initial sounds in successive or neighboring words
reference to something literary, mythological, or historical that the author assumes the reader will recognize
the repetition of words or phrases at the beginning of consecutive lines or sentences
a detail, image, or character type that occurs frequently in literature and myth and is thought to appeal in a universal way to the unconscious and to evoke a response
a character's remark, either to the audience or to another character, that the other characters on stage are not supposed to hear.
Purpose: reveals a character's thoughts
the moment marking the hero's tragic failure, often manifested by his death. Typically, events in Act 5 of a Shakespearean tragedy, at the conclusion of the drama where we usually expect a resolution of events and action
the point of highest interest in a literary work. In a Shakespearean tragedy, the climax is "the point of no return" occurs
the rising action in the plot structure of a work. Builds tension caused by the conflict of opposing interests. Typically in a Shakespearean tragedy, events in Act 2 and the beginning of Act 3 that build up to the climax.
an extended metaphor with a complex logic that governs an entire poem or poetic passage
a stanza or poem of two lines
a lyric poem in which a single speaker addresses a silent or absent audience in a moment of high emotion
the most common form of rhyme in poetry; the rhyme comes at the end of the lines
a conclusion added to a literary work such as a novel, play, or long poem. Often refers to the moral of a work. Sometimes, it is a speech made by one of the actors at the end of a play
an indirect, less offensive way of saying something that is considered unpleasant
Example: saying someone is "pleasingly plump" instead of "fat" or "obese"
a narrative device, often used at the beginning of a work, that provides necessary background information about the characters and their circumstances. Exposition explains what has gone on before, the relationships between characters, the development of a theme, and introduction of a conflict. Typically in a Shakespearean tragedy, events in Act 1 where we are introduced or "exposed to" the setting, the characters, and the central conflict of the story
A series of events, subsequent to the climax of the plot, stressing action from the forces opposing the protagonist. Action which moves swiftly and logically toward the disaster, the tragedy. Typically, in Shakespearean tragedy, falling action occurs in Act 4 and the beginning of the final Act, Act 5.
a story that concerns an unreal world or contains unreal characters; a fantasy may be merely whimsical, or it may present a serious point
Example: The Adventures of Pinnochio, Thumbelina, The Wind in the Willows
a character whose attitudes or personality are in sharp contrast to another character; purpose: allows the audience to better understand the nature of each character.
dramatic hints that suggest what is to come later
a major category or type of literature
Example: fantasy, tragedy, comedy, poetry, etc.
intentional exaggeration to create an effect
in lines of poetry, a pattern of an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable
in lines of poetry, five metric feet in which the dominant accent usually falls on the second syllable of each food, a pattern known as an iamb
a word, phrase, or figure of speech (especially a simile or a metaphor) that addresses the senses, suggesting mental pictures of sights, sounds, smells, tastes, feelings, or actions. Images offer sensory impression to the reader and also convey emotions and moods through their verbal depictions
a suggestion an author or speaker makes (implies) without stating it directly. NOTE: the author/sender implies; the reader/audience infers
occurs when the reader or audience knows something that the character does not
a contrast between what a reader or character expects and what actually exists or happens
occurs when a person says one thing but means the opposite
a figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things, without using the word like or as
the repetition of a regular rhythmic unit in poetry. This rhythm is created by varying emphasis or stress when reading syllables
Example: iambic pentameter (U /) or un-stressed stressed syllabic patterns
an extended speech by one speaker
a conspicuous recurring element, such as a type of incident, a device, a reference, or verbal formula, which appears frequently in works of literature; a pattern
an expression in which two words that contradict each other are joined
Example: "little giant"
EXAMPLE FROM ROMEO & JULIET:
an apparently contradictory statement that actually contains some truth
parallelism or parallel structure
an arrangement of the parts of a composition so that elements of equal importance are balanced in similar structures. This arrangement may be applied to words, phrases, clauses, sentences, paragraphs, or complete units of compositions
a form of metaphor in which human characteristics are attributed to nonhuman things
language sung, chanted, spoken, or written according to some pattern of recurrence that emphasizes the relationships between words of the basis of sound as well as sense
an introductory section of a play, speech, or other literary work
a comparison of two things using "like" or "as"
Example: "quick as a wink"
a speech that a character gives when he or she is alone on stage. The purpose is to let the audience know what the character is thinking
one of the divisions of a poem, composed of two or more lines usually characterized by a common pattern of meter, rhyme, and number of lines
Example: paragraph : essay :: stanza : poem
representation of a concept through a person, object, image, word, or event that evokes a range of additional meaning beyond and usually more abstract than its literal significance
Example: a snake used to represent the concept of evil
the manner in which words are arranged into sentences
needless repetition which adds no meaning or understanding ("widow woman," "free gift")
a central idea of a work
the primary position taken by a writer or speaker
the attitude of a writer, usually implied, toward the subject or audience
a work in which the protagonist, a person of high degree, is engaged in a significant struggle and which ends in ruin or destruction
a fatal error in judgment or weakness of character that leads directly to the protagonist's downfall
the main character in a tragedy who comes to an unhappy or miserable end
The introduction to a play or the first act. The exposition reveals the setting (time and place) and sometimes highlights a theme. It provides the appropriate mood and atmosphere for the play, also acting as a hook to engage the audience. Shakespeare rarely introduces his tragic figure at the very beginning of the exposition, though the essential conflict or some initial aspect of the essential conflict is introduced.
A humorous scene, incident, or speech that relieves the overall emotional intensity of the action.
The arrangement of two or more ideas, characters, actions, settings, phrases, or words side-by-side or in similar narrative moments for the purpose of
comparison, contrast, rhetorical effect, suspense, or character development.
It is the repetition of consonant sounds located other than at the beginnings of words.
Snuffles at my feet for what I might drop or kick up
Sucks and slobbers the stones, snorts through its lips
The railroad ran over the tracks, roaring and
A rhyme consisting of words, such as lint and pint, with
similar spellings but different sounds.
Also called sight rhyme.
EXAMPLES from ROMEO & JULIET:
the feeling or atmosphere that a writer creates for a reader.
- created by diction, imagery, setting, foreshadowing,
dialogue, figurative language
EXAMPLE in ROMEO & JULIET:
Someone or something belonging to another time
period than the one in which it is described as being.
EXAMPLE: The reference, in Shakespeare's Julius Caesar, to "the clock striking twelve" is anachronistic, since there
were no striking timepieces in ancient Rome.
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