respiratory system

50 terms by Desireek

Create a new folder

Like this study set? Create a free account to save it.

Create a free Quizlet account to save it and study later.

Sign up for an account

Already have a Quizlet account? .

Create an account

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads


air cells of the lung


Condition caused by insufficient intake of oxygen


A disease of the bronchi characterized by wheezing, dyspnea, and a feeling of constriction in the chest

bronchial tree

bronchi and their branches(bronchioles) that carry air from trachea to alveoli of lungs


small branch of the bronchi within lung


one of two branches from the trachea to the lungs


Inflammation of the bronchial membranes

carbon dioxide

odorless, colorless gas formed in the tissues as a waste product, and expelled from the lungs

cricoid cartilage

cartilage of the larynx


musclulomembranous partition that separates the thoractic cavity from the abdominal cavity.


A cartiligious leaf shaped flap that blocks the top of the windpipe, the glottis, during swalling, which prevents the entry of food or fluid into the respiratory system.

expiration or exhalation

breathing out


the slitlike passageway between the true vocal folds, helping to produce sound

inspiration or inhalation

breathing in


highly infectious respiratory disease caused by airborne viral droplets occurring in epidemics


musculocartilaginous structure at the top of the trachea and below the root of the tongue that houses the vocal cords


inflammation of the larynx


A colorless, odorless, tasteless gas essential to respiration used by all cells of the body


airway between the nasal chambers, the mouth, and the larynx as well as a passageway for food

phrenic nerve

innervates the diaphragm


the enclosure of lungs. each lung is composed in this dounble-layered sac of serous membrane


inflammation of the lung in which air sacs become filled with infammatory cells and the lung becomes solid. Symtoms are cough, chestpain, fever, headache, general malaise (discomfort) Cause: bacteria, virus Treatment: antibiotics, vaccine


the bodily process of inhalation and exhalation, distribution of oxygen and removal of carbon dioxide from the cells of the body

tidal volume

The volume of air inhaled and exhaled in a normal, resting breath, typically about 500 mL.


cartilagenous muscular tube extending from the larynx to the bronchi (windpipe)


Infectious disease caused by the tubercle bacillus, Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Most commonly affects the respiratory system and causes inflammation and calcification of the system.

vocal cords

two pairs of membranous bands in the larynx with the superior pair not having any part in speech and the inferior pair vibrating to produce sound.


hairlike projections that sweep particles towards the throat

external respiration

involves inhaling oxygen and exhaling carbon dioxide


the expectoration of blood from the respiratory tract


difficult breathing


a collection of air or gas in the pleural cavity


endoscopic exam of the bronchi


collecting pleural fluid by passing a needle into the pleural space

internal respiration

movement of oxygen and carbon dioxide at the cellular level


Rales or rattlings in the throat


temporary cessation of breathing


medical term for nosebleed


Black lung desease, coal minors may be at risk of this desease


sputum that contains mucous and pus


divides the nasal cavity into right and left

pulmonary parenchyma

another name for alveoli


instrument used to veiw the bronchi


the result of inhaling silica dust


the midline region of the lungs where the bronchial tubes enters the lung


a productive cough brings up this, Mucus or phlegm that is coughed up from the lining of the respiratory tract, reffered to as a wet cough

serous sputum

wet watery fluid

adams apple

formed by the thyroid cartilage


accumulation of pus in the pleural cavity

palantine tonsils

commonly called the tonsils

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set