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50 terms

respiratory system

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alveoli
air cells of the lung
asphyxia
Condition caused by insufficient intake of oxygen
asthma
A disease of the bronchi characterized by wheezing, dyspnea, and a feeling of constriction in the chest
bronchial tree
bronchi and their branches(bronchioles) that carry air from trachea to alveoli of lungs
bronchiole
small branch of the bronchi within lung
bronchus
one of two branches from the trachea to the lungs
bronchitis
Inflammation of the bronchial membranes
carbon dioxide
odorless, colorless gas formed in the tissues as a waste product, and expelled from the lungs
cricoid cartilage
cartilage of the larynx
diaphram
musclulomembranous partition that separates the thoractic cavity from the abdominal cavity.
epiglottis
A cartiligious leaf shaped flap that blocks the top of the windpipe, the glottis, during swalling, which prevents the entry of food or fluid into the respiratory system.
expiration or exhalation
breathing out
glottis
the slitlike passageway between the true vocal folds, helping to produce sound
inspiration or inhalation
breathing in
influenza
highly infectious respiratory disease caused by airborne viral droplets occurring in epidemics
larynx
musculocartilaginous structure at the top of the trachea and below the root of the tongue that houses the vocal cords
laryngitis
inflammation of the larynx
oxygen
A colorless, odorless, tasteless gas essential to respiration used by all cells of the body
phaynx
airway between the nasal chambers, the mouth, and the larynx as well as a passageway for food
phrenic nerve
innervates the diaphragm
pleura
the enclosure of lungs. each lung is composed in this dounble-layered sac of serous membrane
pneumonia
inflammation of the lung in which air sacs become filled with infammatory cells and the lung becomes solid. Symtoms are cough, chestpain, fever, headache, general malaise (discomfort) Cause: bacteria, virus Treatment: antibiotics, vaccine
respiration
the bodily process of inhalation and exhalation, distribution of oxygen and removal of carbon dioxide from the cells of the body
tidal volume
The volume of air inhaled and exhaled in a normal, resting breath, typically about 500 mL.
trachea
cartilagenous muscular tube extending from the larynx to the bronchi (windpipe)
tuberculosis
Infectious disease caused by the tubercle bacillus, Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Most commonly affects the respiratory system and causes inflammation and calcification of the system.
vocal cords
two pairs of membranous bands in the larynx with the superior pair not having any part in speech and the inferior pair vibrating to produce sound.
cilia
hairlike projections that sweep particles towards the throat
external respiration
involves inhaling oxygen and exhaling carbon dioxide
hemoptysis
the expectoration of blood from the respiratory tract
dyspnea
difficult breathing
pneumothorax
a collection of air or gas in the pleural cavity
bronchoscopy
endoscopic exam of the bronchi
thoracentesis
collecting pleural fluid by passing a needle into the pleural space
internal respiration
movement of oxygen and carbon dioxide at the cellular level
rhonchi
Rales or rattlings in the throat
apnea
temporary cessation of breathing
epitaxis
medical term for nosebleed
anthracosis
Black lung desease, coal minors may be at risk of this desease
mucopurulent
sputum that contains mucous and pus
septum
divides the nasal cavity into right and left
pulmonary parenchyma
another name for alveoli
broncoscope
instrument used to veiw the bronchi
silocosis
the result of inhaling silica dust
hilum
the midline region of the lungs where the bronchial tubes enters the lung
sputum
a productive cough brings up this, Mucus or phlegm that is coughed up from the lining of the respiratory tract, reffered to as a wet cough
serous sputum
wet watery fluid
adams apple
formed by the thyroid cartilage
empyema
accumulation of pus in the pleural cavity
palantine tonsils
commonly called the tonsils