Lit Vocab Week 8

STUDY
PLAY
allege
(v) to assert without proof or confirmation
arrant
(adj) thoroughgoing, out and out, shamless, blatant, thoroughgoing, out-and-out; shameless, blatant
badinage
(n) light and playful conversation
conciliate
(v) to overcome the distrust of, win over; to appease, pacify; to reconcile, make consistent
countermand
(v) to cancel or reverse one order or command with another that is contrary to the first
echelon
(n) one of a series of grades in an organization or field of activity; an organized military unit; a steplike formation or arrangement
exacerbate
(v) to make more violent, severe, bitter, or painful
fatuous
(ad) stupid or foolish in a self-satisfied way
irrefutable
(adj) impossible to disprove; beyond argument
juggernaunt
(n) a massive and inescapable force or object that crushes whatever is in its path
lackadaisical
(adj) lacking spirit or interest, halfhearted
litany
(n) a prayer consisting of short appeals to God recited by the leader alternating with responses from the congregation; any repetitive chant; a long list
macabre
(adj) grisly, gruesome; horrible, distressing; having death as a subject
paucity
(n) an inadequate quantity, scarcity, dearth
portend
(v) to indicate beforehand that something is about to happen; to give advance warning of
rase
(v) to tear down, dstroy completely; to cut or scrape off of
recant
(v) to withdraw a statement or belief to which one has previously been committed, renounce, retract
saturate
(v) to soak thoroughly, fill to capacity; to satisfy fully
saturnine
(adj) of a gloomy or surly disposition; cold or sluggish in mood
slough
(v) to cast off, discard; to get rid of something objectionable or unnecessary; to plod through as if through mud (n) a mire; a state of depression
acclamation
(n) a shout of welcome; an overwelming verbal vote of approval
bucolic
(adj) characteristic of the countryside, rural; relating to shepherds and cowherds, pastoral
calumniate
(v) to slander; to accuse falsely and maliciously
chary
(adj) extremely cautious, hesitant, or slow (to); reserved, diffident
collusion
(n) secret agreement or cooperation
dilettante
(n) a dabbler in the arts; one who engages in an activity in an amateurish, trifling way;(adj) superficial
imperturbable
(adj) not easily excited; emotionally steady
increment
(n) an enlargement, increase, addition
mandate
(n) an authoritative command, formal order, authorization (v) to issue such an order
paltry
(adj) trifling, insignificant; mean, despicable; inferior, trashy