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Politics of the United States
U.S Government Final
Terms in this set (65)
Who was the chief architect of the Constitution?
Public trust and confidence in the federal government has declined sharply since the
The text and lectures suggests that politics is
In a ______ democracy, all or most citizens make government decisions by themselves.
The United States is a ________ democracy.
What are the characteristics of most people holding public office: (p. 6 in text)
Middle class, middle aged, white protestant males
The national press plays the role of "_____________________." This means that it can influence what subjects become national political issues.
Political _________________________ is the process by which young people acquire political attitudes.
One reason for the decline in party identification is the proportionally larger number of __________ voters.
The reason _________________ has an impact on political attitudes is that _________________ [SAME WORD] conveys a way of looking at human nature and human affairs that is relevant to politics.
According to the text, a _______________________ can be defined as one who thinks personal action, rather than government programs, improves lives.
The text defines a ___________________ as a person who wishes the government to do more to help improve lives.
Amicus curiae is usually translated as "_____________ of the ______________."
Friend of the Court
The Fourteenth Amendment provides for _______ process and ______________ protection.
Due process and equal protection
The ban on unreasonable searches and seizures can be found in the ___________ Amendment.
The ban on double jeopardy can be found in the ___________ Amendment.
What is addressed in the First Amendment:
Freedom of speech, press and religion, as well as the right to peacefully assemble and petition their government
Which types of cases are in the Supreme Court's original jurisdiction?
During an arrest, the police may legally search what?
The suspect, things in plain view, things or places under the suspects immediate control
State universities can take race into account in admitting students to colleges so long as no strict numerical _______________ is used.
The Constitution has been amended __________ times in more than 225 years.
The authority left to the states under the _____________ Amendment amounts to all powers not delegated to the federal government by the Constitution or prohibited by it to the states are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people.
Under the grants-in-aid system, ________ would run the programs and_________ pay the bills.
The states, the national government
A federal grant designed for a specific purpose defined by a federal law is called a ___________________ grant.
The political parties in the United States are ___________
Decentralized and fragmented
In the United States, most people participate in political parties by _______________.
The United States has a two-party system rather than the multiparty system common elsewhere. One reason numerous parties have been discouraged is that election laws for the House of Representatives require ___________-member districts where only one candidate can win.
A ________________-interest organization can be defined as one whose goals, if achieved, would benefit primarily those who are not members of the organization.
Three sources have become important to interest groups in raising money: government __________, direct ________, and ___________________ grants.
government grants, direct mail, foundation grants
The ______ of interest groups in the United States are business-oriented.
The single most important tactic of the typical lobbyist is supplying information to ________.
More than half of all PACs are sponsored by ___________.
Congress passed a bill in 1995 to tighten requirements on lobbyists. This bill ______ the definition of a lobbyists.
A primary reason why people participate in politics is a strong sense of civic _________.
Normally speaking, which age group is the least likely to vote in a presidential election?
e. 55 and above
The "pocketbook vote" refers to how general _________________ conditions affect people's voting behavior.
A bi_________________ legislative branch has two chambers, or houses.
What are the explicit Congressional power?
Lay and collect taxes
2 Borrow money on the credit of the United States (foreign nations, states, or Indian Tribes)
3 Establish uniform immigration/ naturalization laws, and uniform laws on bankruptcy in the United States
4 Coin Money, regulate value, fix standars for weight and measurement
5 Provide for punishment of counterfeit the Securities and current coin of the United States
6 Establish post offices and post roads
7 Promote the progress of science and arts, right to reserve writings and discoveries
8 To constitute Tribunals inferior to the supreme court
9 to define and punish piracy and felony committed on high sea and offenses against law of nations.
10 Declare war
11 Raise and support armies
12 Provide and maintain a navy
13 make rules for government and regulation of land and naval forces
14 provide for militia to execute laws of Union
15 To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining, the Militia
16 necessary and proper
The House consists of _____ voting members. a. 100
b. 435 c. 535 d. 50 e. 450
U. S. Senators serve for a _________ year term.
The Speaker of the House is elected by whichever party has a __________________.
The purpose of a ______________________ committee is to resolve differences between House and Senate versions of a bill.
Under the Constitution, bills can originate in either house of Congress with the exception of bills for raising revenue, which must begin in the ______________.
When a bill is assigned to a _________________, it usually dies there.
A president's veto can be overridden by a _______________ vote of both houses of Congress.
For members who seek to mirror their constituents' views, the principal difficulty____ the lack of clear and consistent policy positions from their districts.
The ____________________ __________________ _____________________ is composed of the Federal Reserve Board and the twelve federal reserve banks around the nation.
Federal Reserve System
In political jargon, Social Security is often referred to as "the ____________ ___________."
Supporters maintain that the United States can develop strong foreign policies because democratic nations (rarely/often) wage unjustified wars.
The War Powers Act:
a. Presidents are required to file a written report with Congress within _________ hours of
the introduction of troops.
b. Within ___________ days Congress must declare war or provide for the continuation of
c. Absent a declaration of war, or continuation of hostilities, the president must
d. If Congress passes a __________________ resolution directing removal of troops, the
president must comply.
a. 48 hours
b. 90 days
c. Terminate/ withdrawal
A president's popularity tends to be highest right after an __________________.
In order to be president, an individual must be at least __________ years old.
There are _________ administrative departments (or cabinet departments) in the executive branch.
In recent decades all presidents have had to devote substantial amounts of their time to foreign affairs and to the __________________.
The constitutional duty of the vice president is to preside over the ________________.
The shortfall between what the government takes in from taxes/fees and what it spends is the budget _________.
The ______________________ Act created the Civil Service Commission.
Civil Service Act
The federal income tax was first authorized by the _________________________ Amemendment.
An "iron triangle" includes:
-Members of Congressional Subcommittees
Under the power of judicial ____________________, a law of Congress is void if it is in conflict with the Constitution.
Judges who apply rules that are clearly stated or implied by the language in the Constitution are considered to be strict ________
Judges who seek to discover the general principles underlying the Constitution and then amplify them on the basis of a moral or economic theory are described as _______________.
There are __________ [NUMBER] U.S. District Courts.
There are __________ U.S. Courts of Appeal [NUMBER].
The Supreme Court will grant a writ of certiorari if at least __________ justices agree that a case involves a substantial federal question.
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