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Arts and Humanities
AP Lang Diction 1
Terms in this set (39)
similarity of structure in a pair of series of related words, phrases or clauses.
use of parallel elements similar not only in structure, but in length. (same number of words or even syllables)
the juxtaposition of contrasting ideas, often in parallel structure.
inversion of the natural or usual word order.
Parenthesis inverted word order
insertion of some verbal unit in a position that interrupts the normal syntactical flow of the sentence.
placing side by side two coordinate elements, the second explains or modifies the first.
deliberate omission of a word or of words which are implied by the context.
deliberate omission of conjunctions between a series of related clauses.
the deliberate use of many conjunctions
repetition of consonants in two or more adjacent words.
repetition of similar vowel sounds, followed by different consonants in the syllables of adjacent words.
repetition of the same word or group of words at the beginnings of successive clauses.
repetition of the same word or group of words at the end of successive clauses.
repetition at the end of a clause of the word that occurred at the beginning of the clause.
repetition of the last word of the clause at the beginning of the following clause.
arrangement of words, phrases, or clauses in an order of increasing importance.
repetition of words, in successive clauses, in reverse grammatical order.
reversal of grammatical structure in successive phrases or clauses.
repetition of words derived from the same root.
an implied comparison between two things of unlike nature that yet have something in common.
an explicit comparison between two things of unlike nature that yet have something in common.
a figure of speech in which a part stands for a whole.
substitution of some attributive or suggestive word for what is actually meant.
Puns word play
generic names for those figures which make a play on words.
Paranomasia word play
use of word alike in sound but different in meaning.
Syllepsis word play
use of a word understood differently in relation to two or more other things, which it modifies and governs.
Zeugma word play
single word does not fit grammatically or idiomatically with one member of the pair.
Anthimeria word play
the substitution of one part of speech for another.
Periphrasis word play
substitution of a descriptive word or phrase for a proper name or of a proper name for a quality associated with the name.
Personification word play
investing abstractions or inanimate objects with human qualities and abilities.
Apostrophe word play
addressing an absent person or a personified abstraction.
the use of exaggerated terms for the purpose of emphasis or heightened effect.
deliberate use of understatement , not to deceive someone but to enhance the impressiveness of what is stated.
Rhetorical Question exaggeration
asking a question, not for the purpose of eliciting an answer but for the purpose of asserting or denying something obliquely
use of a word in such a way as to convey a meaning opposite to the literal meaning of the word.
witty language used to convey insults or scorn.
use of words, whose sounds echoes the sense.
the yoking of two terms that are ordinarily contradictory.
an apparently contradictory statement that nevertheless contains a measure of truth.
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