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26 terms

Napoleon and Haitian Revolution

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Napoleon Bonaparte
A brilliant military leader who took over France after the directory.
Corsica
A city in France where Napoleon was born.
First Consul
The position that Napoleon declared himself to seize power of France.
Meritocracy
A system in which promotion is based on individual ability or achievement; Napoleon used this in his education system.
Lycee
A government-run public school in France
Napoleonic Code
A comprehensive and uniform system of laws established for France by Napoleon
Continental System
Napoleon's efforts to block foreign trade with England by forbidding Importation of British goods Into Europe.
The Battle of Waterloo
Was the last battle that Napoleon fought in, and it was the battle of his defeat. The Duke of Wellington was the man to finally defeat Napoleon.
St. Helena
Location of Napoleon's exile, he eventually died there
Congress of Vienna
Conference held in 1815 among European diplomats that had the purpose of restoring order and stability to Europe
Prince Klemens von Metternich
Austrian minister, believed in the policies of legitimacy and intervention (the military to crush revolts against legitimacy). Leader of the Congress of Vienna
Nationalism
Love of country and willingness to sacrifice for it
Liberalism
A political or social philosophy advocating the freedom of the individual, parliamentary systems of government, nonviolent modification of political, social, or economic institutions to assure unrestricted development in all spheres of human endeavor, and governmental guarantees of individual rights and civil liberties.
Conservatism
A political or theological orientation advocating the preservation of the best in society and opposing radical changes
Principle of Legitimacy
Metternich's want to restore legitimate monarchs and preserve traditional institutions
Principle of Intervention
Idea that great powers have the right to send armies into countries where there are revolutions to restore legitimate governments.
Saint Domingue
Haiti's initial name; French colony
Grand Blancs
French plantation owners or government officials in Haiti.
Petit Blancs
Plantation managers and overseers, shopkeepers, grocers, and tradesmen in Haiti.
Gens de Couleur
Mulattos; Free men and women of color in Haiti. They sought greater political rights and later supported the Haitian Revolution.
Maroons
Runaway slaves in Haiti who gathered in the mountains and formed their own self-governing communities. They planned rebellion.
Vodou
African slave religion primarily in Haiti that developed from the combination of Christianity and old African traditions.
Makandal
A Maroon vodou priest who was one of the first organizers of Haitian resistance.
Boukman Dutty
A maroon vodou priest who led the call for revolution.
Toussiant L'Overture
The central military figure of the Haitian Revolution who expelled the English and Spanish from the colony; he issued the first Haitian Decalaration of Independence, helped write the first Haitian Constitution and created a new government under his control. Napoleon Bonaparte eventually captured him.
Jean Jacques Dessalines
Led slave rebellion after the first slave rebel was captured which led to Haitian independence. He was the first president under the republic of Haiti. He was assassinated two years after he gained power.