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46 terms

Gaits and faults

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Walk
Slow, natural, flat footed, four beat gait
Trot
Rapid two beat diagonal gait where one forefoot and the opposite hindfoot take off and strike the ground at the same time
Canter
An easy, rhythmical, three beat gait with a slight diagonal movement either right or left
Gait
The rhythmic characteristic movement of a horse's feet and legs in motion
Pace
A fast 2 beat gait where the front and hind feet on the same side start and stop at the same time
Action
What is the term for how a horse moves it's feet and legs at each gait
Stepping pace
A slow lateral four beat gait where each of the four feet hit the ground at separate intervals
Running Walk
The natural slow four beat gait of the Tennessee Walking Horse where each foot takes off and lands at separate intervals
Under pinning
The term for the feet and legs of the horse
Extended trot
A two beat lateral gait that is faster and stronger than a normal trot performed with a lengthened stride more powerful and reaching
Side pass
Maneuver in which the horse has lateral movement and very little forward movement
Crowhop
Term for mild bucking motions
Coon Footed
Term for a horse with long, sloping pasterns and low fetlocks
15th vertebrae
Where is the horse's center of motion
Bandy legs
Term for a horse who is pigeon toed on the hind legs with the hocks turned outward
Pigeon toed
Term for when the toes are turned in and the heels pointing outward
Splay footed
Term for when a horse's toes are turned out and the heels point inward
Contracted heels
Term for when a horse is close at the heels
Shin hitting
Term for hitting the cannon or shin of the hind leg with the toe of the front foot
Paddling
Term for how a pigeon toed horse travels, throwing the front feet outward while in flight
Winging in
Term for how a splay footed horse travels
Winding
Twisting of the striding leg around the supporting leg in such a manner that the horse appears to be tight rope walking
Bushing
Term for slight interferance
Striking
Term for severe interferance resulting in an open wound
Forging
Hitting of the sole or shoe of the forefoot with the toe of the hind foot on the same side
Cross firing
Hitting the forefoot with the opposite hind foot, confined to pacers
Scalping
Hitting the hind leg at the coronet with the toe of the forefoot
Rolling
Excessive lateral shoulder movement
Dwelling
A noticable pause in the flight of the foot
Trappy
Term for a horse with short, quick, high and often choppy stides
Pounding
Heavy contact with the ground that causes excessive concussion
Stride
Term for the distance and/or time from when the horse's foot leaves the ground until that foot strikes the ground again
Stringhalt
What action defect is most easily detected when the horse is backing
Daisy cutter
Term for a horse that seems to just skim the surface of the ground
Sickle hocked
When viewed from the side, the most common fault of the horse's hind legs
Interfering
Striking of the inside of one leg at the fetlock/cannon with the insie of the hoof of the opposite leg
Bowlegged
Term to describe a horse that stands wide at the knees and close at the front feet
Knock-down hip
Term describes a fracture to the point of the horse's hip
Post legged
Conformation fault when there is too little angle at the hock or too straight
Lateral gait
Movement of the legs in pairs on the same side, like the pace
Fox trot
Gait described as a brisk walk with the front feet and trotting on the back
Gait defect
Any deviation in the natural stride or rhythm of the gait
Slow gait
The slow 4 beat gait similar to the rack of 5 gaited saddle horses, each foot is held momentarily in mid air before being brought down
Speedy cutting
Any type of limb interference at the fast gaits
Bench kneed
Term for when the cannon bone is not centered in the knees when viewed from the front
Bowed tendon
Unsoundness described as an enlargement of the flexor tendons at the back of the front cannon bone