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27 terms

TAKS TERMS II

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Ratified 1868-Former slaves became citizens
14th amendment
1865-Banned slavery in America
13th amendment
Freed all slaves in states that were rebelling against the Union
Emancipation Proclamation
1861-1877
Civil war and Reconstruction
1877-1898
The Gilded age
1890-1920 (fixing problems)
TheProgressive era
1890-1920 (world expansion)
Imperialism
Preference for native born Americans & a hatred of immigrants
Nativism
Religious freedom; political persecution; poverty and hostility; poor working conditions; low wages; ;isolationism; ghettos were issues having to do with this
Immigration
Individual state can declare a federal law null & void
Nullification theory
Forced removal of Native Americans to lands west of the Mississippi River
Indian Removal Act
Idea that America was meant to stretch from coast to coast
Manifest Destiny
Increased the need for slave labor
Cotton Gin
Stated that no more European colonization would be tolerated in the Western
Monroe Doctrine
Connected the Atlantic Ocean to the Midwest
Erie Canal
Anger over the violation of American neutral rights such as Impressment led to the
War of 1812
1803-Bought from France
Doubled the size of the U.S., Louisiana Territory
Foundation of the government used today
U.S. Constitution
1689- Changed England's government from absolute monarchy to a Constitutional monarchy
English Bill of Rights
1215-English agreement b/w its nobles & king guaranteeing certain rights
Magna Carta
Government by popularly elected representatives
Republicanism
power is shared between the federal government & the state
Federalism
System where each branch of government has the ability to limit the power of the other branches to prevent any one branch from becoming too powerful
Checks and Balances
Government subject to the will of the people
Popular Sovereignty
Government only has the powers the Constitution gives to it
Limited Government
1st of the ten Bill of Rights
Freedom of Speech, Religion , Press ,etc
Primary author of the Declaration of Independence
Thomas Jefferson