Which of the following is a critical rule for determining whether something is a public good?
The total benefits to society are greater than the total cost.
The government of a country must make a decision between increasing military spending and subsidizing wheat farmers. This kind of decision is a
guns or butter issue
Which of the following countries is the most extreme example of a centrally planned economy?
Which one of the following relies on habit, custom, or ritual to decide what to produce, how to produce it, and to whom to distribute it?
a traditional economy
Which of the following is NOT a key economic question?
How should it be ensured that goods and services are paid for?
Which of the following is NOT characteristic of a centrally planned economy?
Each collective or factory sets its own goals.
Which word BEST completes the following sentence? Improvements in ____ allow an economy to produce more output from the same or a smaller quantity of inputs.
What is the most effective way for consumers to make their desires known to businesses?
by the purchases they make
China, like many other nations, is undergoing a period of transition in which many of its state firms are being privatized. Which of the following statements BEST describes the change in China's mixed economy system?
The economy is moving away from central planning toward a market-based system.
What effect does new technology usually have on an economy?
It makes the economy stronger and more efficient.
A country's production possibilities increase because the available workers become more skilled at using a computer. This is an example of growth caused by
Any resources that are made by humans and used to create other goods and services are called
According to the "guns and butter" example, if a country decides to spend more on military goods, which of the following will happen?
The country will have less money to devote to consumer goods.
What is the opportunity cost of a decision?
the most desirable alternative given up for the decision
Why does even a free market economy need some government intervention?
to provide for things that the marketplace does not address
Centrally planned economies can work effectively toward explicitly stated goals, but which of the following is one disadvantage of such a system?
Its performance almost always falls short of its ideals.
Which of the following makes someone an entrepreneur?
running a business that hires people to install sprinkler systems in lawns
By the end of the summer, Jason had saved enough money for college from his job as a waiter. He even had some money left over. Although he wanted both, he decided to buy a DVD player rather than a digital camera. Which of the following is the opportunity cost in this scenario?
the digital camera
The purpose of a production possibilities graph is to
show alternative ways to use an economy's resources.