Paying Off Debt
Terms in this set (24)
A debt is an amount owed to a person or organization for funds borrowed.
A minimum payment is the smallest amount a borrower must pay each month on a loan or credit card account.
A balance transfer is when a consumer will transfer outstanding credit debt from one account to another.
Why does paying off the highest interest rate credit card first make the most mathematical sense?
The card with the highest interest rate is usually the one that will cause you the most financial pain. The national average interest rate on a credit card is 15.2 percent, so if you bought a $1,000 refrigerator with a credit card, you'd pay a lot in interest if you took your time paying it off. Most monthly payments are 4 percent to 5 percent of the balance, so if you're making a $40 to $50 monthly payment, you can see how things can get bad in a hurry. Only making $40 monthly payments on that $1,000 refrigerator means you'll pay it off in 65 months and shell out $368 in interest.
Michelle has four credit cards with the balances and interest rates listed below. She wants to pay off her credit cards one at a time, based on the interest rate. In which order should Michelle pay off her credit cards?
June has a credit card balance of $4,350 that comes with a 19% APR. She would like to have the balance paid off in the next 8 months, but she is having trouble making the monthly payments required to do so. In order to lower her monthly payments, she decides to sell her porcelain doll collection for $2,000 to apply directly to her credit card balance. June still wants to pay off the balance in 8 months. By applying the doll money, how much has June lowered her minimum monthly payment?
Chuck has a credit card balance of $4,750 with an APR of 17%. With his existing debt payment plan, Chuck will not be able to pay off the debt for another 20 months. To speed up the process, Chuck decides to take $2,000 from his savings and apply it to the balance. He plans to pay the remaining balance in 12 months. How much will Chuck save in finance charges (interest) by doing this?
Frank has four different credit cards, the balances and interest information of which are outlined in the table below. If Frank budgets to pay off all four credit cards in 24 months, what will his total monthly credit card payment be?
Kimberly has a credit card with a 19% APR and a balance of $4,350. With her current monthly payment, Kimberly will be able to pay off the credit card in a mere 16 months. But when Kimberly's car breaks down, she is forced to charge an additional $1,600 to her credit card. How much will Kimberly's minimum monthly payment increase if she still wants to pay off her credit card in 16 months?
Michelle has four credit cards with the balances and interest rates listed below. She would like to consolidate all of her credit cards in a single credit card with an interest rate of 16% and pay off the balance in 36 months. If she did so, what would Michelle's monthly credit card payment be?
Billy has a credit card with a current balance of $3,500 and a 16% APR. With his current monthly payment, he will be able to pay off this debt in 15 months. But Billy just learned that he is getting a raise at work. If he puts all of the extra income from his raise into his monthly credit card payment, how much additional monthly income would he require from his raise to pay off the credit card in 12 months?
Frank has four different credit cards, the balances and interest information of which are outlined in the table below. As Frank was developing a debt payment plan, Charles suggested that he pay off the credit cards beginning with the highest balance, working his way down. If Frank chooses to follow Charle's advice, in what order should Frank plan on paying off his credit cards?
b. B, A, C, D
Carl has a credit card with a balance of $5,260 and an APR of 21%. With the monthly payments he has been making, Carl would be able to pay off his credit card in 18 months. After receiving a promotional offer in the mail, Carl decides to transfer his balance to a new credit card with a 15% "introductory" APR for the first 12 months. After 12 months, the APR increases to 23%. How much will Carl save in finance charges (interest) if he pays off the credit card before the introductory APR expires?
In general, reducing the interest rate (i) of a credit card but keeping the present value (PV) and number of periods (n) the same will __________.
a. decrease the monthly payment (P) needed to pay off the debt
Which answer choice best describes the debt snowball method?
c. pay off credit cards in order of balance amount, lowest balance first
Jerry has a credit card debt of $15,600 that he would like to reduce by applying $8,500 of his inheritance money to the balance. In addition, he would like to modify his debt payment plan to pay off the remaining balance in 24 months rather than 60 months. His credit card has an APR of 18%. How much will these changes save Jerry in finance charges (interest)?
Cesar is excited that he only has 12 months left before he pays off his credit card completely. His current balance is $3,750 and his APR is 17.5%. But when he is involved in a car accident, he is forced to use his credit card to pay a $1,000 deductible to get his car fixed. How much will Cesar's minimum monthly payment increase if he still wants to pay off his credit card in 12 months?
In general, reducing the monthly payment (P) of a credit card but keeping the interest rate (i) and present value (PV) the same will __________.
In general, reducing the present value (PV) of a credit card while keeping the number of periods (n) and interest rate (i) the same will _____.
Frank has four different credit cards, the balances and interest information of which are outlined in the table below. He would like to consolidate his credit cards to a single credit card with an APR of 18% and pay off the balance in 24 months. What will his monthly credit card payment be?
Which method of debt reduction saves you the most money in interest?
b. paying off highest interest rate debt first
Cynthia had a credit card with a 17% APR and a $3,265 balance. She had budgeted to have the credit card paid off in 24 months. But after missing a single monthly payment, Cynthia's credit card company has increased her interest rate to 21%. How much extra will Cynthia have to pay in finance charges (interest) because of the increase in her APR if she still pays off the credit card in 24 months?
Michelle has four credit cards with the balances and interest rates listed below. Rather than budget to pay each of the credit cards off in 36 months, Michelle would like to pay them off one at a time based on the balance for each credit card. In which order should Michelle pay off her credit cards?
In general, reducing the number of periods (n) used to pay off credit card debt but keeping the present value (PV) and interest rate (i) the same will __________.
b. increase the monthly payment (P)
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