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foreign policy test
Terms in this set (32)
protection of boarders and territories against invasion or foreign control
Free and open trade
must maintain trade with other nations and preserve access to necessary resources (oil!)
US helps to try to settle disputes, gives aid to at-risk countries
Aids other nations who try to have democracy, helps countries set up democratic system
US helps victims of natural disaster or starvation
US will strike first with military force if terrorists threaten with weapons of mass destruction
What powers does the President have when it comes to the military and foreign policy?
Comes from Constitution and being the leader of the world's number one superpower
President can commit US involvement to foreign affairs
Does the President have to accept other governments? What happens if he does or does not?
President can refuse ambassadors and not recognize their government, makes them not eligible for economic aid
Who are foreign policy advisers for the President?
Has Cabinet and White House Staff, some seek advice from personal friends
Secretary of State- supervises all foreign activities of American gov't, represents the US at many major world conferences
Secretary of Defense- supervises US military activities, informs President about US military forces
National Security Adviser- gives advice about security
Who is the CIA controlled by?
Controlled by national security council , seeks out and protects top-secret information
What has the CIA been criticized for?
CIA has gotten more aggressive since 9/11, sometimes have been criticized for how aggressive (questioning techniques)
When has the US Congress officially declared war in the past?
Have declared war 5 times : 1812 (Great Britain), 1846 (Mexico), 1898 (Spain), 1917 (Germany), 1941 (Germany, Japan, Italy)
What are the Presidents rights when sending troops to other countries?
War Powers Act- President cant send troops for more than 60 days without Congress consent
What can the President do to avoid Congress not passing a treaty?
Way around this is executive agreements between President and other world leaders
What is meant by the term most favored nation? Who do we consider one? More than one?
Status granted by President to trading partners
During times of conflict and war, does Congress usually support/not support the President? Times when they have or have not?
Often in times of war both parties will support the President (bipartisanship)
Not so much in Vietnam and Iraq
When has public opinion had an effect on Presidents and foreign policy in the past?
Major impact on Vietnam, caused Lyndon Johnson not to run for re-election and Richard Nixon to leave Vietnam
What are the four main functions of the State Department?
Keep President informed on international issues
Maintain relations with other countries
Negotiate treaties with foreign govts
Protect interests of Americans working or traveling abroad
How is the State Department organized?
Six bureaus- African, European and Eurasian, East Asian and Pacific, Western Hemisphere, Near Eastern, South Asian
Work of State Department is organized by topics and regions
Topics- education, human rights, military problems, intelligence, etc.
examples of an embassy
Over 200 worldwide for US, helps make gov't communication easier
Keep US informed about their country, keep their country informed about US
Help settle disputes between US and countries
US Gov't can close embassies if displeased with country
official residence and offices of the ambassador and his or her staff
promote American business interests, serve and keep safe American travelers
examples of an Consulates
Are not normally involved with the foreign gov't
Shipping schedules, business opportunities, travel needs
gives a traveler certain privileges and protection based on a treaty
Passports get US citizens into most countries
US citizens usually only need a passport in Western Europe
Some countries require a visa
special document issued by gov't of country person is wishing to enter
Nearly all visitors to the US must get a visa
Secretary of State Department considered to be most important cabinet member (just below Pres. and VP)
Main goal is to "promote the long-range security and well being of the US"
about the draft and its current state
Since 1973 military service has been voluntary
During both WWI and WWII service is compulsory (mandatory)
Draft could be re-instated at any time, males ages 18-25 would be required to serve
All men must register names and addresses with local draft boards at 18th birthday
Women not eligible for draft, can sign up
What power does the President have when it comes to committing troops, weapons, or supplies around the world?
How can the US be in a "war" without war being declared by Congress?
Should women be included in the draft? Explain your argument.
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