44 terms

Chapter 10 Stocks and Sauces

soup stock
Soup stock
Flavored liquid made from meat and meat bones
Often includes vegetables for additional flavor

Soup stocks may be made from
Purchased soup "bases"
Look for bases with meat, NOT salt as the first ingredient


a flavored, thickened liquid. it is usually formed by adding seasonings, flavorings, and a thickening agent to stock.
pan gravy
A sauce made by deglazing pan drippings from roast meat or poultry and combining them with a roux or other starch and stock.
a stock made with fish bones or shells from shellfish and vegetables simmered in a liquid with flavorings
court bouillon
water simmering with vegetables , seasonings and an acidic product such as vinegar or wine; used for simmering or poaching fish, shellfish or vegetables
standard mirepoix
50% Onion; 25% celery; 25% carrot
white mirepoix
mirepoix that does not include carrots and may include chopped mushroom (and mushroom trimming), parsnips. It is used for pale or white sauces and stocks
a connective tissue that is more flexible than bone and that protects the ends of bones and keeps them from rubbing together
connective tissue
tissue of mesodermal origin consisting of e.g. collagen fibroblasts and fatty cells
a fibrous scleroprotein in bone and cartilage and tendon and other connective tissue
a colorless water-soluble glutinous protein obtained from animal tissues such as bone and skin
degrease/ skim
to remove greasiness from a sauce, soup, or stock by skimming the top with a spoon
To swirl or stir a liquid (usually wine or stock) in a pan to dissolve cooked food particles remaining on the bottom or "fond"; the resulting mixture often becomes the base for a sauce.
French word for "rewetting"; a stock produced by reusing the bones left from making another stock. After draining the original stock from the stockpot, add fresh mirepoix, a new sachet and enough water to cover the bones and mirepoix, and a second stock can be made. A remouillage is treated like the original stock; allow it to simmer for four to five hours before straining. A remouillage will not be as clear or as flavorful as the original stock, however. It is often used to make glazes or in place of water when making stocks.
condensation of moisture on a cold surface
mother sauces
bechamel, espagnole, tomato, hollandaise, veloute
compound sauces
leading sauces w/ accessory and/or auxillary elements added
-accessory element: added to sauce for flavor
Vegetable sauce made from a puree of vegetables or fruit that can be served hot or cold
beurre blanc
french for "white butter"; an emulsified butter sauce made from shallots, white wine and butter
beurre rouge
French for "red butter"; an emulsified butter sauce made from shallots, red wine and butter
a mixture of raw starch and cold liquid used for thickening.
the act of reducing or the amount by which something is reduced
white roux
cooked for a few minutes, enough to cook out the raw flavor of the flour. stop cooking before the color begins to change. used for bechamel and other white sauces
blond roux
Cooked slightly longer than white roux and should begin to take on a little color as the flour caramelizes. Used in ivory-colored sauces, such as veloute, or where a richer flavor is desired.
the principle means used to thicekn sauces. combination of equal parts, by weight, of flour and fat, cooked together to form a paste
harden by reheating and cooling in oil
A white sauce made by thickening milk with white roux. Basic bechamel is one of the mother sauces, one of the five mother sauces, comprised of a roux thickened with milk, flavored with an onion pique and nutmeg. Ratio: 1 lb white roux to 1 gallon milk
A leading sauce made by thickening a white stock (fish, veal, or chicken) with roux.
A leading sauce made of brown stock, mirepoix, and tomatoes thickened with brown roux; often used to produce demi-glace
a basic sauce made from white or brown stock used in the preparation of derivitive sauces (typcally veal stock reduced by half)
tomato sauce
sauce made with a puree of tomatoes (or strained tomatoes) with savory vegetables and other seasonings
hollandaise sauce
Sauce made of egg yolks, butter, lemon and vinegar; can be served over eggs benedict.
Jus lie
Also know as Fond lie; a sauce made by thickening brown stock with cornstarch or similar starch; often used like a demi-glace, especially to produce small sauces
caramelized sugar deglazed with vinegar; used to flavor tomato or savory fruit sauces
A mixture of two or more substances that are not capable of blending
glace de viande
A dark, syrupy meat glaze made by reducing a brown stock.
browning or glazing a food, usually under a salamander or broiler
beurre noir
French for "black butter"; used to describe whole butter cooked until dark brown (not black); sometimes flavored with vinegar or lemon juice, capers and parsley and served over fish, eggs and vegetables
beurre noisette
clarified butter browned slowly and seasoned with vinegar or lemon juice and capers
maitre d hotel
chopped fruits or green tomatoes cooked in vinegar and sugar with ginger and spices
tannic acid
flavored oil
enhanced with herbs, spices, garlic
Fine blend of fresh basil, garlic, olive oil, walnuts, pine nuts, parsley and Romano cheese