35 terms

6th Grade EOG Terms

STUDY
PLAY
Claim
a writer's main point or opinion in an essay or editorial
Central idea
overall what the text is mostly about
Textual evidence
details from the text that support the main idea or answer a question
Text structure
how the informational text is organized; examples include chronological, cause/effect, compare/contrast, problem/solution, sequence, description
Connotation
a word's underlying positive or negative meaning ("gang" has a negative connotation but "club" has a positive -or at least neutral - connotation)
Tone
the author's attitude toward a subject, while mood= the feeling the reader gets from the author's words/the atmosphere created by the author's words
Plot
what happens in the story; the action; 5 parts: exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, resolution
Universal theme
a life lesson we can learn from reading a story or a poem
Conflict
the main struggle or problem the characters face; this makes the story interesting!
Imagery
words that paint a picture in the minds of readers; words that help us imagine what something looks like, sounds like, tastes like, feels like, or smells like
Foreshadowing
a hint in the story about what will happen later
Flashback
a shift back in time within a story; usually this is done to explain something or to provide the readers with context/background information
Alliteration
repeating the beginning consonant sound in a series of words (Robert wore a ruby red robe.)
Setting
where and when a story takes place; "The Dog of Pompeii" was set in Pompeii, Italy in 79 A.D.
Dialogue
conversation between characters; quotation marks are used (".....")
Dialect
how people really talk, based on their culture and where they were raised ("Hey, ya'll!" or "Youse guys".... soda vs. pop, shopping cart vs. buggy....)
Point of view
1st person (I, me, my), 3rd person (he, she, they, Fred, the astronauts) OR the perspective from which a story is told --- If Bob and Fred have an argument, they each have a different point of view/perspective
Allusion
a reference to a well-known person, event, place, book, movie, speech, or document
Indirect characterization
remember STEAL! (speech, thoughts, effect on others, actions, looks that reveal the character's personality)
Literal language
words that mean exactly what they say, as opposed to figurative language
Figurative language
language that should NOT be taken literally; examples include simile, metaphor, personification, onomatopoeia, hyperbole
Narrative
a fancy word for a story or a poem that tells a story
Idioms
an expression that is figurative language (Fred "kicked the bucket" = Fred died.)
Testimonial
opinion/perspective from someone who witnessed something, used a product, or had a particular experience
Primary source
a photo, a letter, eyewitness testimony from someone who was there; Mrs. Swanson is a secondary source when she teaches you about Ancient Rome because she is not that old! If a Vietnam War veteran is a guest speaker in your history class, he'd be a primary source. He was there.
Author's Purpose
the main reason WHY someone wrote a text; usually the reason is to inform readers, to persuade or convince readers, or to simply entertain
Rhetorical question
a question that doesn't need to be answered; it's asked for dramatic effect
Bias
supporting or opposing a particular person or thing in an unfair way, because of allowing personal opinions to influence your judgment
Stereotype
to wrongly believe that all people with a certain characteristic are the same (examples: Tall people are all good at basketball. Everyone with glasses is smart.)
Propaganda
information used to promote a certain political cause or point of view (example: Dr. Seuss's political cartoons were a form of __________ during WWII)
Persuasive Language
language used to try and convince an audience to believe something or do something
Ethos/Pathos/Logos
ETHOS - the speaker appears knowledgeable, credible; PATHOS- the speaker shows empathy, compassion, heart, LOGOS - the speaker has a clear message
Justify
to ______ is to prove that something is right
Significance
this word means importance; something significant is important
Memoir
a book someone writes about a specific time period in his or her life; it doesn't cover the entire lifetime