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23 terms

Medieval Architecture

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Pre-Romanesque Architecture
500-1000 AD. Term used for architecture and monumental sculpture.
Merovingian Architecture
Need for the building of churches. Late 6th and 7th Century. Monastery houses were the powerhouse.
Carolingian Architecture
Late 8th and 9th Century. Tried to emulate Roman architecture.
Ottonian Architecture
10th and 11th century. Inspiration from the Carolingian and Byzantine. Found in Germany.
Romanesque Architecture
1000 to 1150 AD. Term was coined by Charles Alexis Adrien de Gerville to describe the form of architecture that preceded Gothic.
Massive Building
Needed for stone construction.
Thick Walls
Needed for protection.
St. Stephen's Cathedral
Speyer, Germany.
Cathedral of St. Peter
Worms, Germany.
St. Martin's Cathedral
Mainz, Germany.
Sturdy Piers
Square supports often used instead of columns. Used mostly in churches.
Groin Vault
Barrel Vaults meet at right angles.
Large Tower
On Castles and churches
Decorative Arcades
Series of side by side arches.
Gothic Architecture
1150-1600 AD. Name given as an insult as it refers to the barbarian goths.
Ribbed Vault,
Groin vault with ribbing.
Buttress
Stone support on the wall that needs support.
Flying Buttress
Architectural support structures built against a wall to keep it from falling down.
Vertical emphasis
High and skinny. Symbolizes a prayer to God, and showed wealth and power.
Light
Architects flooded the rooms with light. Lots of big windows.
Rose Windows
Round Stained glass windows
Stained Glass Windows
Told stories from the Bible, Sermons on the glass, known as the Poor mans Bible.
Tracery
Interlacing carved stone ribs. Usually found in windows, doorways, spires, ceilings, and stairways.