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Pre-Romanesque Architecture

500-1000 AD. Term used for architecture and monumental sculpture.

Merovingian Architecture

Need for the building of churches. Late 6th and 7th Century. Monastery houses were the powerhouse.

Carolingian Architecture

Late 8th and 9th Century. Tried to emulate Roman architecture.

Ottonian Architecture

10th and 11th century. Inspiration from the Carolingian and Byzantine. Found in Germany.

Romanesque Architecture

1000 to 1150 AD. Term was coined by Charles Alexis Adrien de Gerville to describe the form of architecture that preceded Gothic.

Massive Building

Needed for stone construction.

Thick Walls

Needed for protection.

St. Stephen's Cathedral

Speyer, Germany.

Cathedral of St. Peter

Worms, Germany.

St. Martin's Cathedral

Mainz, Germany.

Sturdy Piers

Square supports often used instead of columns. Used mostly in churches.

Groin Vault

Barrel Vaults meet at right angles.

Large Tower

On Castles and churches

Decorative Arcades

Series of side by side arches.

Gothic Architecture

1150-1600 AD. Name given as an insult as it refers to the barbarian goths.

Ribbed Vault,

Groin vault with ribbing.


Stone support on the wall that needs support.

Flying Buttress

Architectural support structures built against a wall to keep it from falling down.

Vertical emphasis

High and skinny. Symbolizes a prayer to God, and showed wealth and power.


Architects flooded the rooms with light. Lots of big windows.

Rose Windows

Round Stained glass windows

Stained Glass Windows

Told stories from the Bible, Sermons on the glass, known as the Poor mans Bible.


Interlacing carved stone ribs. Usually found in windows, doorways, spires, ceilings, and stairways.

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