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Piaget, Vygotsky, and Interactionists
Terms in this set (40)
These people assume that many factors affect the course of development, and that these factors are mutually dependent upon, interact with, and modify one another.
The causal relationships among the interactive variables that affect the course of development are:
He believed that there is a closer relationship between language and thought than acknowledged by Piaget.
Vygotsky believed there is an interactive relationship between these three things:
language, thought, and social conditions.
While language and thought are distinct and develop independently, logical reasoning does not develop until language and thought fuse with the development of:
For Vygotsky, unlike Piaget, language initially serves a
Zone of Proximal Development
the distance between the actual developmental level and the level of potential development
Vygotsky - theorists of this group believe that thinking and learning are not as internal and individual as Piaget proposed, but rather are highly influenced by language, social interaction, and culture.
The most prominent sociocultural theorist is
Both Piaget and Vygotsky believe that children construct knowledge through
How is Vygotsky's theory different from Piaget's theory?
Vygotsky assigns greater importance to external influences -- language, social interaction, and the larger society.
To Vygotsky, language and thought are, at first,
children observe objects or events or perform actions without using language.
A child utters words or phrases without thinking fully about what they mean
a basic principle of Piagetian theory is that knowledge is constructed
via the action of the child or learner
Piaget saw children as
Piaget felt that adult language could not expand the thinking of a child ...
beyond the limits of the child's own cognitive development.
Piaget's concept of Speech to self is
words spoken aloud in the presence of others that doesn't require a response or even the attention of the listener.
Piaget viewed speech as developing from
egocentric to social (because speech to self disappears as children develop social speech).
For Piaget, the development of language is based on
the prior development of sensorimotor operations and a normal social environment in which spoken language is used.
Piaget thought that the development of sensorimotor operations is necessary for
language development (not the other way around).
Piaget posited that "the child needs to complete, or nearly complete..(WHAT) before using language expressively.
the sensorimotor period
Piaget's first stage of cognitive development
Sensorimotor stage (Infants rely solely on action and the senses to know things)
Piaget's second stage of cognitive development
Preoperational stage (Children can use symbols and internal thought to solve problems).
Piaget's third stage of cognitive development
Concrete operational stage (age 7-11 - children are more abstract in their thinking)
Piaget's 4th stage of cognitive development
Formal operational stage (11 through adulthood) Adolescents and adults can think abstractly and hypothetically.
Piaget's main thesis in his cognitive approach
Mental growth develops via attempts of an organism to attain equilibrium (cognitive balance).
Piaget called successful attempts to attain equilibrium this.
Adaptation (of an organism to its milieu).
Adaptation occurs as a result of these two related processes:
assimilation and accommodation
Piaget believed that an infant is born with
certain reflexive patterns of behavior or schemata which are modified through interaction with the environment.
the sociocultural role
Vygotsky's Interactionist theories center on this role.
the cognitive role
Piaget's Interactionist theories center on this role.
According to Piaget's theory of cognitive development, how does child intelligence develop?
Intelligence develops as children psychologically adapt to their environment and reconcile discrepancies between current forms of understanding and new physical experiences that contradict those forms of understanding.
What do interactionists assume?
Many factors (social, linguistic, maturational/biological, cognitive) affect the course of development, and these factors are mutually dependent upon, interact with, and modify one another.
Social Interaction Approach
According to this theoretical approach, language acquisition follows a transactional model of child-caregiver give-and-take in which the child learns to understand the rule of dialogue, not of syntax or semantics.
Sociocultural theorists believe that
thinking and learning are not as internal and individual as Piaget proposed, but rather are highly influenced by language, social interaction, and culture
Vygotsky's SocioCultural Theory of Development stated that children learn
through social interactions and their culture.
Did Piaget believe that cognition came before or after language?
before. Cognition comes before language. (The child needs to complete or nearly complete the Sensorimotor period before using language).
Piaget - At which stage of cognitive development does oral language take off rapidly?
Stage 2: Preoperational Stage
Interactionists are also referred to as
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