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World History - Chapter 20, Section 3 (Latin American Revolutions)
Revolts in Latin America
Terms in this set (17)
Spanish born people who were members of the highest social class, dominating Latin American political and social life
European-descended Latin Americans who owned the haciendas, ranches, and mines (resented their 2nd class status)
people of Native American and European descent in Latin America
people of African and European descent in Latin America
Young creole, inspired by the ideals of "liberty, equality, and fraternity" was a Latin revolutionary fighting for freedom in Venezuela moved revolution south into Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia
Self-educated former slave who lead the slaves during the Haitian Revolution
Father Miguel Hidalgo
Creole priest in Mexico the first leader of Mexico's fight for independence. Was captured and executed within a year.
Father Jose Morelos
Mestizo priest who called for wide-ranging social and political reform who wanted to improve conditions in Mexico, abolish slavery, and give the vote to all men (captured and executed in 1815)
Jose de San Martin
Creole general who defeated the Spanish in Chile before moving into other South American countries with Simon Bolivar
Bolivar's dream of a united South America
King of Portugal's son who refused to leave Brazil. He accepted a constitution with freedom of the press & religion, and had an elected legislature as he became emperor of an independent Brazil
Latin American creoles were inspired by the ideals of _________________
Latin American leaders demanded independence
What effect did Napoleon's invasion of Spain have on Latin America?
Discontent among the creoles spreading across South America
What led to a widespread drive for independence in South America?
Why did France, Spain, and Britain all send troops to fight Toussaint's army?
They all wanted the lucrative colony of Haiti. They also feared the slave rebellion would spread, and they depended on the slave trade
Why might revolutionary France not have been very sympathetic with Toussaint's rebellion?
It depended on money from Haiti's plantations
What were conservative Mexicans' motives for rebellion?
Avoid liberal reforms from Spain
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