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Terms in this set (60)
Which organ absorbs fluoride?
Which nerve is affected by Bell's Palsy?
Which nerve gives movement to the tongue?
Where is the dens found?
Axis of the spine
When an anesthetic does not work is the pH to high or low?
Which nerve causes facial neuralgia?
Where does the heartbeat begin?
The only papilla that does NOT contain taste buds.
Iron deficiency can cause?
(if you iron your tongue it will burn)
Fat soluble vitamins
A, D, E, and K (All Dieters Eat Kilocalories)
Longest nerve in the body
Less than 60 beats per minute
bradycardia (the Brady's had six kids)
Dental Papilla gives rise to?
Dentin and Pulp ( D&P)
Dental sac gives rise to?
Periodontal ligament, Alveolar bone, and Cementum (PAC rhymes with sac)
Maxillary Nerve exits through the
Foramen Rotundum (max run)
Mandibular Nerve exits through the
Foramen Ovale (man made valley)
To remember which cranial nerves have (M)otor,
(S)ensory fibers, or (B)oth.
"One Of Our Trailer Tenants Adopted From A Good Veterinarian Somewhere around Here"
O- Olfactory (I)
O- Optic (II)
O- Oculomotor (III)
T- Trochlear (IV)
T- Trigeminal (V)
A- Abducens (VI)
F- Facial (VII)
A- Auditory (VIII)
G- Glossopharyngeal (IX)
V- Vagus (X)
Sa- Spinal accessory (XI)
H- Hypoglossal (XII)
(Optic gets 2 letter word also shortest O word, Oculomotor "our" has o, u, & r in it, Trochlear "trailer" both end in r, Trigeminal "tenants" both have and n in them, Abducens "adopted" both have a, d, & e in them, Auditory "a" is the shortest a word.
Signs of infection
I- increased pulse and respiration
N- nodes enlarge
F- function is impaired
E- erythema, edema, exudate
C- complaints of pain or discomfort
T- temperature- local or systemic
Steps in the learning ladder: (Ugly Apes Sit In A Hut)
I. U- Unawareness
II. A- Awareness
III. S- Self-interest
IV. I- Involvement
V. A- Action
VI. H- Habit
Nine Little Monkeys Eat Bananas
N- Neutrophils (1st @ site, main cell in ACUTE infection)
L- Lymphocytes (t cells and b cells, allergy & inflammation)
M- Monocytes (macrophages histocytes, chronic inflam.)
E- Eosinophils (contain histamine, defend against parasite)
B- Basophils (lowest percentage)
Why does a hygienist palpate?
to find inflamed nodes not once one is inflamed
Your patient has a sore throat, what is the most likely lymph node that will be inflamed?
superficial cervical node
Stage 1 Hypertension
Stage 2 Hypertension
Nerve that controls all muscles of mastication
If damaged can cause Bell's Palsy
Contributes to lazy eye
Responsible for swallowing taste buds and sensations
tongue pushes food to back of throat
Controls heart and larynx
Vegas where the heart is
If damaged can effect speech (stroke victims) moves tongue
blood enters the circulatory system by...
passing through the left semilunar valve in the aorta
Phagocytes: action causes removal of old RBC's erythrocytes
caused by hyposecretion of aldosterone
Caused by increase in glucocorticoids
Only paired bones
Houses olfactory nerve
Contains (houses) many foramina and fissures
found in the sphenoid bone on the medial pterygoid plate
housed in sphenoid bone and houses the pituitary gland
Has no muscle attachments
Tympanic portion forms most of the external acoustic meatus chorda tympani nerve emerges from the petrotympanic fissure
when opening the mouth the TMJ does what?
glides forward or anteriorly
muscles of mastication
masseter, temporalis, lateral pterygoid, medial pterygoid
Only muscle of mastication that protrudes (opens or depresses)
tx. for tmd
night guards, anti-inflammatory meds, warm, moist compresses, sometimes cold compresses
Keep food on occlusal surface retracts angle of the mouth (prevents movement)
depresses jaw and widens mouth
chin muscles, protrudes, lower lip and raises chin
posterior superior alveolar anesthesia
molars, buccal mucosa, gingiva (does not get mesial root of #3 and 14)
will need to know for a question that's stating what procedure the pt. is needing done then asking which anesthetic block will be most beneficial for said procedure? then it'll list several rarely just one
middle superior alveolar anesthesia
premolars, mesial root of #3, gingiva & buccal mucosa
even though real world says its ok to do some procedures without all surfaces to be completely numb for nationals if you need to touch an area it better be numb
anterior superior alveolar anesthesia
canines and incisors
greater palatine anesthesia
palatal tissue distal to canine
palatal tissues from canine to incisors
what nerves should be anesthetized for a maxillary first molar extraction?
middle superior alveolar, posterior superior alveolar, & the greater anterior palatine
what nerves should be anesthetized to scale a mandibular quadrant?
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