Blues Technical Terminology

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Terms in this set (...)

Rhythmic Section
The band's foundation, usually drums, bass and piano/guitar
12 Bar Blues Chordal Accompaniment
Chords I, IV, and V (primary chords). The pattern used is I, I, I, I, IV, IV, I, I, V, IV, I, I
Walking Bass
A moving bass line that outlines the chord sequence
Swing Rhythm
Where quavers are played swung (bouncy) not straight and even
Instrumentation
Saxophones, trumpets, guitar, harmonica, piano
Call and Response
When a musician sings or plays a phrase, and different performers play or sing an answering phrase
Improvisation
To make something up on the spot, usually based on the chord sequence or blues scale
Blues Scale
Used as the basis for blues melodies. In G, the scale is Bb, C, Db, D, F and G
''Blue'' Notes
A note (usually 3rd, 5th or 7th) that is made more expressive by lowering the pitch slightly
AAB Lyric Structure per verse
Three lines per verse, lines 1 and 2 are the same and line 3 is different but rhymes