AP Human Geography Unit 2
Terms in this set (41)
the scientific study of population characteristics
the portion of Earth's surface occupied by permanate human settlement
Total number of people divided by the landmass
number of people per unit of area arable land: land suitable agricultre
The ratio of the number of farmers to the total amount of land suitable for agriculture.
Crude Birth Rate
the number of live births yearly per thousand people in a population
Crude Death Rate
The number of deaths per year per thousand people in a population.
Natural Increase Rate
The percentage growth of a population in a year, computed as the crude birth rate minus the crude death rate.
The number of years needed to double a population, assuming a constant rate of natural increase.
Total Fertility Rate
The average number of children born to a woman during her childbearing years.
Infant Mortality Rate
The total number of deaths in a year among infants under one year old for every 1,000 live births in a society.
The average number of years an individual can be expected to live, given current social, economic, and medical conditions. Life expectancy at birth is the average number of years a newborn infant can expect to live.
Demographic Transition Model
the process of change in a society's population from a condition of high crude birth and death rates and low rate of natural increase to a condition of low crude birth and death rates, low rate of natural increase, and a higher total population.
Zero Population Growth
A decline of the total fertility rate to the point where the natural increase rate equals zero.
A bar graph representing the distribution of population by age and sex.
the number of people under the age of 15 and above the age of 65, comared to the number of people active in the labor force.
An increase in population by almost 30 million people. This spurred a growth in suburbs and three to four children families.
A population group unified by a specific common characteristic, such as age, and subsequently treated as a statistical unit.
The number of males per 100 females in the population.
Pessimistic; originally used to mean population limitation by birth control and/or abortion.
migration from a place (especially migration from your native country in order to settle in another)
migration into a place (especially migration to a country of which you are not a native in order to settle there)
The difference between the level of immigration and the level of emigration.
factor, such as unemployment or the lack of freedom of speech, that makes people want to leave their country and move to another one
factor such as freedom or employment opportunities that attract a person to a country
a person who has been forced to leave their country in order to escape war, persecution, or natural disaster
Permanent movement from one country to another.
Permanent movement within a particular country.
Permanent movement undertaken by choice.
Permanent movement compelled usually by cultural factors.
migration of people to a specific location because relatives or members of the same nationality previously migrated there
migration to a distant destination that occurs in stages, for example, from farm to nearby village and later to a town and city
Large-scale emigration by talented people.
Workers who migrate to the more developed countries of Northern and Western Europe, usually from Southern of Eastern Europe or from North Africa, in search of higher-paying jobs.
Net migration from urban to rural areas in more developed countries.
J-Curve Population Growth
the correlation between stability and openess
S-Curve Population Growth
the curve that difines how rate at which technology is advancing
number of organisms in a population that an environment can maintain
an ideology promoting many children.
1994 Cairo Conference
Demographers began to include men in reproductive research after this conference
Moved away from reproductive targets and towards reproductive rights/ health -freedoms to choose/ absence of violence
However, even in this regard men entered the scene because they were seen as a BARRIER
The number of a people in an area exceeds the capacity of the environment to support life at a decent standard of living.