Theology 9 - Final Exam
Terms in this set (65)
Message communicated by prophets on behalf of God. Can be something God is telling the people to do, a message of consolation or comfort, something God is promising for the future, and often times has to do with the covenant
A person chosen by God to communicate a message of salvation
Son of Man, meaning one like a human being whom all people of the nations will one day service king and everlasting rain hope in God despite circumstances that seem overwhelming
Governor condemns the Jews who have married foreign women and rebuild the walls of Jerusalem
Coming of the Messiah, the Davidic kind who would rule in peace and justice, shepherd, peaceful messiah of poor riding in Onaway donkey
Aversion will bear a son named Emmanuel, another prophecy tells of the blessed child to come with titles that belong to the greatest of all kings
Suffering servant, like a lamb led to slaughter, poured out himself to death
Descendent of David's line from Bethlehem will rise up in the Israel to the reign of peace and justice
Jesus being anointed, Spirit of the Lord is upon me, specific actions
Matthew, Mark and Luke are synoptic Gospel's. They are similar in style and content. They had the same sources and information.
Characteristics of Mark
Focuses on the humanity of Jesus, was used as a source for Matthew and Luke, written first, written especially for people who were suffering and undergoing persecution, believed that this gospel writer was a friend of Jesus' apostle Peter
Characteristics of Matthew
This gospel attempts to convince its readers that Jesus is the filming of the old testament promises, and scholars believe that the author of this test was a Jewish man who is well-versed in the Hebrew Scriptures
Characteristics of Luke
Demonstrates that not all people realized that Jesus was the Messiah, and shows that Jesus came
To welcome everyone, even the poor, sick or sinners
Characteristics of John
Emphasizes the divinity of Jesus, believed to be the last Gospel written,
Why are there differences in Gospel writes and perspective?
The Gospel writers all directed their writings at different groups of people, and aimed to tell different messages
Lover of God
Source believed to be used by Matthew and Luke
The outcasts of society
What does it mean to be a person?
Human person has intellect, free will, a soul, they are incommunicable, and have an end in him or herself
Jesus taking on flash. Jesus always existed, but was not always a human being. Word became flesh
What does it mean that Jesus is the Alpha and Omega
This means that the eternal presence of Jesus Christ has existed before the incarnation in that Jesus is the beginning in the end
Why did Jesus become incarnated?
1.) so that we could be reconciled with God
2.) to overcome sin and death
3.) so we can know how topics as humans
4.) so that we can know God's great love for us
5.) so that we can come to know God Better
This term means that Mary is the mother of God
-to love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind
-love your neighbor as yourself
Given to us during the Sermon on the Mount. They give us purpose for our actions and teach us to trust God whole heartedly
What are the Beatitudes?
Blessed are the poor in spirit, Blessed are the sorrowful, Blessed are the meek, Blessed are those hungry for righteousness, blessed are the merciful, blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness's, Blessed are the pure of heart, Blessed are the peacemakers.
A story that uses metaphors based on daily life.
Overview of Parables
A specific style of teaching, I narrative teaching, like storytelling, people are intended to hear the narrative and identify with the characters in the actions.
What can the beatitudes and all the teachings of Jesus be summed up in?
Act of Power
What did the miracles reveal?
That in Jesus the Kingdom was present. He was the promised Messiah. That God has compassion for those who suffer. Our spiritual health is more important than physical
Freedom of indifference
Fear of the consequences of immoral actions is an imperfect motivation
Freedom of excellence
Love of God and love of neighbor is the perfect motivation for Christian to live a moral life in Christ
The tendency to sin
Awareness of them were Oracle aspects of one's conduct together with the urge to prefer a right over on
Being humble not praising yourself
And example is the persistent widow. Gives us the church, Peter and apostles as the first leaders and priests
The belief in one God
Jesus loved unconditionally. As a healer, seeking those excluded and forgotten, sacrificing of his life and seeking the truth even when it made him unpopular
You are ultimately in control of your own decisions
You can think and reason logically, learn from the world around us, make wise decisions and think about the consequences of your actions
End in yourself
A person is not a means to an end. You cannot use a person persons are not things because we have free will and rational intellect
There is no one on earth who even comes close to being the same as you. You are absolutely irreplaceable
What other major religions are monotheistic?
Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are all major monotheistic religions
What is similar about these three religions?
The three are united because they have the same ideology and goals, but they are distinct because of their origins
Main themes in Mark's accounts of the miracles
Jesus often instructs those whom he has helped or healed not to speak of the miracle to others. Biblical scholars call this the messianic secret.
Mean themes in Luke's accounts of the miracles
Jesus constantly teaches that everyone is included and invited to the reign of God. Jesus' miracles often demonstrate this point as he reaches out to sinners and outcasts
Main themes in Matthew's accounts of the miracles
Jesus reinforces his teachings about the coming of God's kingdom by performing miracles. This emphasizes his connection to David and the Old Testament.
What are the four types of miracles?
Exorcisms, hearings, nature, and restoration of life
This word for father comes from Aramaic. The term is affectionate and passionate, like Papa or daddy. Jesus used this term so followers could understand God in a new way.
God the Holy Spirit
The Holy Spirit proceeds from the father and the sun. The Hebrew word ruah meaning wind, may also be translated as Spirit of God. The Holy Spirit is a source of inspiration power wisdom and consolation.
Jesus God the son
Jesus was eternally begotten, incarnate. The word consubstantial describes the relationship with the sun is one in being with the father.
What does it mean that the Trinity is United yet distinct
This means that the three of the same substance and working towards the same goal yet doing it slightly differently
Why is the trinity a model for Our love
In the Trinity we can see three forms of love. Eros, Philip, agape.
Of the same substance and working together. Not separate
Alleged the Jesus' humanity was a cover-up, and he looked and acted like a human but On the inside was really just God
This believed Jesus' divinity was fully absorbed in his humanity and in the end he was only divide not human
Claimed that salvation can only be reached by getting a special secret knowledge from God or God's agent
Clean the Jesus was created just like us in Jesus is in God but he has superhuman strength
Believe that Jesus was two different people one divine in one human
The council of Nicaea
Declared that Jesus is truly God. Produced the first draft of the Nicene creed. Jesus is the same substance of God the father. Focused on Arianism
Brotherly family love. Loyalty
Passionate excited love
Life's and Times of Jesus
-Social segregation (classes)
-Power in Palestine: Herod, Pilate, Caesar
-Donkey transpo, walking
-Roman rule and money
-Judaism and Jewish holidays
-Fish, bread, and wine. Used their nearest resources