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AP Psychology, Ch. 11: Adolescence and Adulthood
Includes childhood mental disorders
Nine stages in human development; cradle to death
6 life phases from 15-70
7 life stages
Found that conceptions of adolescence have varied with changing political and economic conditions.
Most girls who mature earlier are less satisfied with their size, weight and figure. They are more likely to develop eating disorders
Avshalom Caspi and Terrie Moffitt
Found those who had difficulties before puberty and who reached puberty earlier were more likely to get in trouble
12-13 yrs. begin to see various social conventions (dress, hair styles) as unreasonable
Moral development is measured not by what decision is made but by how that decision is reasoned; adolescence is the best time
Kohlberg: 3 levels of moral thought
Pre-conventional, conventional and postconventional
Most children advance through Kohlberg's theory at the same rate and in the same sequence for the first 2 levels.
woman address moral issues in a different voice but not morally inferior
Morality in children is rooted in empathy
To predict changes in moral behavior you should examine the child's reason specifically about prosocial, helpful actions
assisted suicide; study of death and dying
All people go through life stages, each marked by a crisis; adolescence: identity crisis; 8 psychosocial stages
Adolescents undergo disengagement where they spend less time with family, etc.
Some tensions within the family are triggered not by age but by puberty
The tendency to conform declines as you get older
Frederick Gibbons and Meg Gerrard
Adolescents don't often plan to act out but react to social situations that call for risk.
According to this man, there are three perceived sources of difficulty: conflict with parents, risk-taking behavior, and mood disruptions
Are older people farsighted or nearsighted?
Experiment resulted in the speculation that although aging is inevitable, perhaps the extent to which we show the symptoms are not
aging people become slower to process and react to information.
Found that 60-80 yr. olds are less confident than 18-30 yr. olds in their cognitive abilities
Inattention followed by loss of cognitive functions. Disorientation, anger, depression, etc.; drugs have been made to slow it down by boosting acetylcholine
Form of intelligence that involves logical thinking
Form of intelligence that reflects trivial knowledge and verbal skills
This man and later, John horn, distinguished between fluid and crystallized intelligence
created the most widely used adult intelligence test
K. Warner Schaie and Sherry Willis
Discovered that crystallized intelligence remains steady while fluid slowly decreases with age.
Proposed that there are 4 eras to a person: preadulthood, early/middle/late adulthood
People are sensitive to the ticking of a social clock
5 stages of coping with death: denial, anger, bargaining, depression, acceptance
Time of rapid cognitive growth, peer pressure creates a tendency to conform
Child protégés, can't communicate very well
head bangers, don't like being touched, can understand but can't communicate
Smart kid, doesn't have social abilities, gets stuck on certain things
Run away from home, don't fight fair (using a knife in a fight), 90% have parents in prison
mean, bad, can develop into conduct disorder
prefrontal cortex: too much epinephrine; can't focus; can be helped with meds
Combination of physical and vocal problems
kids will pull out their hair
peeing/pooping in pants; psychological disorder
Dr. Death; made a death machine to help suicide people die
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