Found that conceptions of adolescence have varied with changing political and economic conditions.
Most girls who mature earlier are less satisfied with their size, weight and figure. They are more likely to develop eating disorders
Avshalom Caspi and Terrie Moffitt
Found those who had difficulties before puberty and who reached puberty earlier were more likely to get in trouble
12-13 yrs. begin to see various social conventions (dress, hair styles) as unreasonable
Moral development is measured not by what decision is made but by how that decision is reasoned; adolescence is the best time
Most children advance through Kohlberg's theory at the same rate and in the same sequence for the first 2 levels.
To predict changes in moral behavior you should examine the child's reason specifically about prosocial, helpful actions
All people go through life stages, each marked by a crisis; adolescence: identity crisis; 8 psychosocial stages
Frederick Gibbons and Meg Gerrard
Adolescents don't often plan to act out but react to social situations that call for risk.
According to this man, there are three perceived sources of difficulty: conflict with parents, risk-taking behavior, and mood disruptions
Experiment resulted in the speculation that although aging is inevitable, perhaps the extent to which we show the symptoms are not
Found that 60-80 yr. olds are less confident than 18-30 yr. olds in their cognitive abilities
Inattention followed by loss of cognitive functions. Disorientation, anger, depression, etc.; drugs have been made to slow it down by boosting acetylcholine
This man and later, John horn, distinguished between fluid and crystallized intelligence
K. Warner Schaie and Sherry Willis
Discovered that crystallized intelligence remains steady while fluid slowly decreases with age.
Proposed that there are 4 eras to a person: preadulthood, early/middle/late adulthood
5 stages of coping with death: denial, anger, bargaining, depression, acceptance
Run away from home, don't fight fair (using a knife in a fight), 90% have parents in prison