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history chapter 18
Terms in this set (18)
ancient Greek device that could be used to find latitude
tried to finish what Columbus started; sailed south along South America and found a way around; the passage he found is called the Straight of Magellan
the idea that a country gains power by building up its supply of gold and silver
known as the "sun king"; He was called this because he was the source of light for his people and for Europe's nobles and rulers. He was the most celebrated monarchy, and his rein of 72 years was the longest in European history.
an explanation of how or why something happens. It is based on what you can observe. It may not be true but it seems to fit the facts.
He was a French scientific thinker. He wrote a book called "Discourse on Method". He is viewed as the founder of modern rationalism.
religious belief based on reason
Henry the Navigator
He is from Virginia and wanted the colonies to become independent.
He was a German astronomer who said that planets move in ellipses (oval paths).
As Europe traded with the world, a global exchange of people, goods, technology, ideas, and even diseases began. This transfer is named after Christopher Columbus.
a system of longitude and latitude
What system did Ptolemy develop that helped sea travel?
What year did Great Britain finally recognize American Independence?
farming (sugar cane)
Africans were first brought to the Cape Verde Islands to do what kind of work?
Quebec (now Canada)
Champlain set up a fur trading post in what town?
Spain was Catholic and tried to stop Protestantism in the Netherlands. When the Dutch rebelled... England came to their aid ...about religion
For what reason did England and Spain go to war in the 1560's?
Francois-Marie Arouet also known as....Voltaire
Who was considered to be the greatest thinker of the Enlightenment?
An English doctor that proved that blood flows through the human body
Who was William Harvey? What was his most famous discovery?
king, James II wanted to set up an absolute monarchy against Parliament's wishes. War threatened, and James fled the country. Parliament then asked Mary, James's daughter, and her husband William, to take the throne. This event came to be known as_________________________?
What was the Glorious Revolution?
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