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World History II - SOL Review - Standard Seven
Terms in this set (20)
What was the Napoleonic Code?
Uniform set of laws developed by Napoleon which still form the basis of the French legal system
What was the purpose of the Congress of Vienna?
Restore the European order the way is was prior to the start of the French Revolution in 1789.
Why was the Battle of Waterloo in June 1815 one of the most significant European events of the 19th century?
Napoleon's defeat led to a new balance of power which prevented war in Europe for 35 years.
What were the three major outcomes of the Congress of Vienna?
Restoring monarchies, promoting a balance of power, and reducing French power.
Which were the only two European nations which did not experience revolutionary uprisings in their cities in 1848?
Russia and Great Britain
What was the theme of the Communist Manifesto, by German author Karl Marx?
Critizied the capitalist exploitation of labor
What was an important result of the 19th century urbanization in Great Britain?
A movement for more parliamentary representation for rural areas.
Otto von Bismarck and Giuseppe Garibaldi are remembered as?
Architects of national unification in Germany and Italy.
Which island was Napoleon initially exiled to?
Which island was Napoleon finally exiled to?
Who was the leader of the Congress of Vienna?
Prince Klemens von Metternich of Austria
What does "balance of power" mean?
Near equality of power among nations, or sets of nations, with the idea this will discourage open aggression by any on the nations involved.
Politically, what is a conservative?
Generally favoring tradition, cautious and gradual change, and respect for authority.
What is ideology?
Set of ideas which make up the political program of a party or the political outlook of an individual
Politically, what is a liberal?
View which generally favors change over tradition is such matters as civil and political rights.
What is industrialization?
Development and spread of power driven machinery and the factory system.
What is nationalism?
Belief of people who share the same language, culture and ethnic background belong together in the same state. Also applies to belief one's nation is as good or better than others.
What is realpolitik?
German for the politics of reality - the belief politics should be based not on theories or ethics but on whatever works best to benefit one's nation.
What is urbanization?
Growth of cities caused in the 19th century by the migration of people from the countryside to work in the growing urban factories.
Although the revolutions of 1848 failed to create any lasting democratic governments, what long-term impact did they have on the political development in Europe?
Monarchs realized they could not put down their people's demands to play an important part in the way their countries were governed forever.
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