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Social Studies Chp 15 Vocab
Terms in this set (23)
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka
A 1954 case in which the Supreme Court ruled that "seperate but equal" education for black and white students unconstitutional.
Montgomery Bus Boycott
In 1955, African Americans boycotted the public buses in Montgomery, Alabama, in response to the arrest of Rosa Parks, who refused to give up her seat to a white person.
Led the attorneys who challenged the segregation laws in the courts, with the NAACP council.
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
A 26 year-old Baptist minister from Atlanta, Georgia who was a national leader for civil right.
The Southern Christian Leadership Conference, a group that coordinated civil rights protests across the South.
A protest in which people sit in a place and refuse to move until their demands are met.
Formed in 1960, the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee was crated to give young people a larger role in the civil rights movement.
A protest against segregation on interstate busing in the South.
The Congress of Racial Equality, planned Freedom Rides to desegregate interstate buses.
March on Washington
A huge civil rights demonstration in Washington D.C., in 1963.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Banned segregation in public places, creates commission to stop job discrimination, banned use of different voting standards.
In 1964, the SNCC organized a voter-registration drive.
Voting Rights Act
Bans literacy tests/laws stopping blacks from registering to vote, and sent federal officers to register votes.
Program started by President Lyndon Johnson that provided help to the poor, elderly, an woman, and also promoted education and outlawed discrimination.
The Nation of Islam's most popular personality and was a leader in the Civil Rights movement for a short time. He separated from separist ideas.
Head of the National Farm Workers Association.
National Congress of American Indians
Founded in 1944 to promote the "common welfare" of Native Americans.
Wrote The Feminine Mystique and was the cofounder and first president of NOW.
Founded in 1966, the National Organization for Women pushed women to get good jobs and equal pay for their work.
The Equal Rights Amendment, a proposed amendment that would give equality of rights regardless of sex;died in 1982.
1. More Americans see racism as evil.
2. Blacks want share of freedom after fighting for it and they were encouraged to fight for it.
3. They gained more resources like money from jobs an contracts for protesting.
What are 3 reasons civil rights was successful in 1950's-1960's?
Birmingham-Fire hoses, uses children.
Montgomery-Bus Boycott, 13 months.
Little Rick- Desegregation of Central H.S.- Nat. Guard, blacks go to same school as whites.
Greensboro-Sit-in, lunch counters, stores forced to serve blacks, abused/arrested.
What were the civil rights battles?
(Civil Rights Act) definition of Civil Rights Act
(Voting Rights Act) definition of Voting Rights Act
(Medical Care Act) Medicare/Medicaid, still exist provide medical care for elderly and poor
(Elementary and Secondary School Act) provides U.S. Federal funds for education
What was the Great Society and the 4 main acts?
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