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30 terms

Unit 3; Ancient Egypt

7th Grade Social Studies Unit 3 Ancient Egypt
STUDY
PLAY
Nile River
the longest river in the world; the Ancient Egyptians depended upon it for survival
Giza
the capital city of Upper Egypt; the location of the Great Pyramid
Delta
triangular area at the mouth of a river; the Nile had very fertile land in this area
Papyrus
Egyptian paper; made from reed plants found along the Nile
Hieroglyphics
Egyptian writing using pictures to represent sounds and language
Jean Francois Champollion
French scholar that unlocked the Egyptian code of writing using the Rosetta Stone
Artisan
a person especially skilled in a particular craft or trade such as weaving, pottery, jewelry making, leather-working, tool making, etc.
Upper Egypt
on a map of Ancient Egypt this would have been located in the south due to elevation
Lower Egypt
on a map of Ancient Egypt this would have been located in the north due to elevation
Rosetta Stone
Artifact that unlocked the mystery of Egyptian hieroglyphics
Pharaoh
The title of a king or a queen in Ancient Egypt
King Tut
A young king whose tomb was filled with jewelry, robes, burial masks, and ivory statues. These findings have helped people learn about Egypt's past
Menes
king of upper egypt united the two kingdoms of upper and lower egypt
Afterlife
the next life in which the Egyptians believed the dead would live again
Weighing of the Heart Ceremony
the Egyptians believed that when someone died they would be judged in this ceremony; the heart against the feather of truth
Silt
Rich fertile soil good for farming; usually deposited by river flooding
Regent
someone who rules for a child until the child is old enough to rule
Thutmose III
Stepson of Hatshepsut; considered a great pharaoh of the New Kingdom of Egypt
Hatshepsut
the first female pharoah of Egypt; stepmother of Thutmose III
Astronomy
branch of science that studies the stars, the moon, the planets, and other celestial bodies
Sphinx
Mythological creature thought to have the head of a pharaoh and the body of a lion
Pyramids
Huge archaeological structures built as tombs for the pharaohs
Howard Carter
he discovered King Tutankhamen's (King Tut) royal tomb, Englishman and Egyptologist who in 1922 discovered and excavated the tomb of Tutankhamen
Cataract
rock filled rapids in a river; also can refer to a waterfall in a river
Scarab
Holy insect that the Egyptians believed was connected to the sun-god Ra; believed to help protect the heart of a deceased Egyptian in the afterlife
Dynasty
series of rulers from the same family
Osiris
God of the afterlife; god of the dead; shown with the crown of upper and lower egypt usually holding a crook and flail in his hands
Anubis
God of mummification and/or embalming; shown with the head of a jackal
Isis
Goddess of motherhood and fertility; the husband of Osiris
Ra/Amon-Re
Sun god; often thought of as the most important Egyptian God