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APUSH Chapter #30 & 31
Terms in this set (44)
Movement in the 1960s that was going against the established culture. Mostly led by the youth or "hippies" of the generation
Withdrawing of official recognition of Indians tribes as legal entities to try and forcefully assimilate them
National Organization for Women; organization that fought for equal employment chances; equal pay; and end to sexual discrimination
Vice President under Richard Nixon. Resigned a year before Nixon did
one of many college student protests against the Vietnam War; ended in the death of several students; greatly decreased the support for U.S. involvement in Vietnam and caused even more protest
American feminist; writer of The Feminine Mystique; cofounded NOW
stated that the United States would honor its existing defense commitments, but in the future other countries would have to fight their own wars without support of American troops
Students for Democratic Society; a student organization that opposed the war in vietnam and held marches; used terrorism in late 1960s
Vietnam war draft - lottery, came under a lot of criticism because the war was not favored by the American people
A war policy in Vietnam initiated by Nixon in June of 1969. This strategy called for dramatic reduction of U.S. troops followed by an increased injection of S. Vietnamese troops in their place. A considerable success, this plan allowed for a drop in troops to 24,000 by 1972. . This policy became the cornerstone of the so-called "Nixon Doctrine".
police arrested patrons of gay bar and clashed with its patrons; associated with the civil rights movement for homosexuals
Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty; a series of negotiations between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. on the issue of nuclear arms reduction; helped lower the total number of missiles each side would have and eased the tension between the two
The Feminine Mystique
written by Betty Friedan, journalist and mother of three children; described the problems of middle-class American women and the fact that women were being denied equality with men; said that women were kept from reaching their full human capacities
Civil Rights Act 1964
outlawed discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or origin, signed by Lyndon Johnson
American Indian Movement, encourage self-determination among Native Americans and to establish international recognition of their treaty rights
United States biologist remembered for her opposition to the use of pesticides that were hazardous to wildlife (1907-1964)
Roe v. Wade
1973; Supreme Court decision that legalized abortion in all states
A holiday conceived of by environmental activist and Senator Gaylord Nelson to encourage support for and increase awareness of environmental concerns; first celebrated on March 22, 1970
the events and scandal surrounding a break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters in 1972 and the subsequent cover-up of White House involvement, leading to the eventual resignation of President Nixon under the threat of impeachment; Ford becomes President
Equal Rights Amendment; for minorities but mostly women; failed to pass due to fear that it would disturb Cult of Domesticity
A book written to voice the concerns of environmentalists. Launched the environmentalist movement by pointing out the effects of civilization development.
Peace Settlement, 1972/Vietnam
Peace settlement was reached between the U.S, South Vietnam, North Vietnam in Paris
Multipolar Structure/President Nixon
The new reality of the world in which there were several great powers, not just two (China, Japan, Western Europe, the US, and the USSR)
The New Left
social activists of the 1960s who supported the liberal ideas and opposed oppression; made up mainly of college students
Nixon's domestic agenda (828)
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries;
an organization of countries formed in 1961 to agree on a common policy for the production and sale of petroleum.
a period of slow economic growth and high unemployment (stagnation) while prices rise (inflation)
Environmental Protection Agency; forced antipollution standards on businesses and consumers
1890 confrontation between US cavalry amd Sioux that marked the end of Indian resistance
39th President; Democrat; secured energy programs, set the framework for Egypt-Israel treaty, and sought to base foreign policy on human rights; lowest approval rating
an area of U.S. in the South/Southwest that experienced Westward migration of American people because of jobs, better climate, and lower taxes
Jimmy Carter, Foreign Policy (840)
Jimmy Carter, Domestic Policy (839)
Iran Hostage Crisis
Islamic fundamentalists seized 52 Americans as hostages from US Embassy in Tehran
1980 Reagan Election
Reagan soundly defeated Carter with Coalition of "New Right" & "Religious Right", Corporate Elites (laissez faire; big business; "old guard Republicans"), "NeoConservatives" and populist citizens.
Supply side economics
Supply-side economics is a macroeconomic theory which argues that economic growth can be most effectively created by investing in capital, and by lowering barriers on the production of goods and services
Deficit spending is the amount by which spending exceeds revenue over a particular period of time, also called simply deficit, or budget deficit; the opposite of budget surplus.
Additional arms limitations signings in 1979 which places limits on long-range missiles, bombers and nuclear warheads.
1988 Election/George Bush
George Bush (winner) vs. Michael Dukakis. Bush was elected on the strength of his association with Regan, seeming poised to confirm the ascendancy of his predecessor's conservative values.
Gulf War (1991)
US-led coalition responded to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait with a super-speedy, successful victory. Revolution in military technology, rise of the stealth bomber took China aback, leading to a discussion about the importance of modernizing the PLA in order to better protect China
Independent presidential candidate in 1992 and in 1996
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