The Arab-Israeli Conflict: The 1948-49 War, Six day War, Yom Kippur War
Terms in this set (17)
When did the 1948-49 war begin?
15th May, 1948. The day after Israel became recognized by the world as an independent country.
What countries attacked Israel 1948-49 war?
Egypt, Transjordan, Syria, Lebanon and Iraq.
Who won the 1948-49 war and what did they gain?
The Israelis won and gained a further 25% of Palestinian land.
Why did Israel win the 1948-49 war?
The Arab armies were small and were not united as they all had different reasons for being involved. The Israelis were motivated, organised and prepared.
'The Catastrophe' occurred as a result of the 1948-49 war. What was it?
900,000 Palestinians fled to refugee camps in bordering Arab countries never to be allowed to return.
What does 'the right of return' mean?
The right of the 900,000 Palestinian refugees to return to their homes in Israel.
What does the Jewish 'Law of return' mean?
Created when Israel became a nation, the law was created to welcome Jews to settle in Israel form all around the world.
What prompted Israel to start the Six day War?
Israel believed the Arab countries were getting ready to attack because Syria was continually shelling Israeli farms on the Syrian border, Egypt sent 100,000 troops into the Sinai desert to replace UN troops, Egypt stopped Israel's access to the Gulf of Tiran and Egypt's President Nasser proclaimed he was going to settle the Palestinian question once and for all.
How many days did the Six day war go for?
Who won the Six day war?
What did Israle gain in the Six day war?
Secure borders, the Sinai desert, Gaza Strip, East Jerusalem, West Bank, Golan Heights.
What did Resolution 242 call for?
The withdrawal of Israeli forces from areas they took in the SIx day war, the end of all fighting and the right of all nations in the area to rule themselves.
WHo was involved in the Six day War?
Israel, Egypt, Syria and Jordan.
Why did the Yom Kippur war start?
Egypt wanted peace with Israel on the condition Israel withdraw troops from the Sinai desert and the Suez Canal. Israel refused so Egypt prepared for war hoping Israel would change their mind. They didn't, so Egypt and Syria attacked Israel.
When was the Yom Kippur war?
6th October, 1973, a holy day day Jews call Yom Kippur.
WHo won the Yom Kippur War?
Initially Egypt was able to take part of the Sinai and SYria the Golan Heights, but Israel struck back taking back both the Sinai and Golan Heights winning the war.
How did the Yom Kippur War end?
The USA threatened to stop supporting Israel if Israel wiped out the Egyptiona army they surrounded in the Sinai. Israel withdrew after 18 days of fighting.