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122 terms

Quiz 1: chapt 1&2

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pneumonitis
which word means inflammation of the lungs?
above
a supraventricular beat means that the heartbeat originated at an ectopic site __ the ventricles
hospice
pallative care would be the goal in a/an
F
A medical word can only contain one prefix. T or F
red
the combining form erythr/o means
liver
absorbed food nutrients are carried by the blood in the portal vein to the
projection;point
the combining form cusp/o means
exacerbation
a sudden worsening in severity means the patient's signs or symptoms are in
proct/o
combining form for rectum
aorta
where do all lymphatic vessels end
immature cell
the suffix blood means
mouth
combining form lingu/o means
hollow cavity; chamber
combining form sin/o means
T
Not every medical word contains a combining form. T or F
chest
in the medical word stethoscope, the combining form means
peyer's patches
small areas on the intestinal walls that contain white blood cells to destroy microorganisms
orthopnea
breathing that is easier in an upright position
away from the point of origin
combining form dist/o
mass that is a soft, fatty substance
an athreoma is a
air sac
combining form alveol/o means
angiography
process of recording a blood vessel
coron/o
combining form meaning structure that encircles like a crown
cystic duct
the portion of the biliary tree that transports bile from the gallbladder to the common bile duct is the
endocrinology
medical specialty that studies: testes, ovaries, adrenal glands, pancreas, thymus, thyroid, parathyroid, pituitary, and pineal glands
attending physician
a physician who is on the medical staff of a hospital and admits a patient to the hospital is
emulsification
the process of bile breaking down fats
anthracosis
which is a type of pneumoconiosis
flutter
__is an arrhythmia in which there is a very fast but regular rhythm (250 beats per min) of the atria or ventricles
F
a medical word has a prefix, combing form, and a suffix. T or F.
chewing
combining form mastic/o means
emesis
medical word meaning vomiting
visceral pericardium
serous membrane located next to the surface of the heart
cough
combining form tuss/o means
refractory
a disease that does not respond well to treatment is
aggreg/o
combining form for crowding together
carbon dioxide
combining form capn/o
absorb digested nutrients
purpose of the villi in small intestine
HDL
"good cholesterol"
myocardium
purpose of the coronary artieries is to bring oxygenated blood to
-poietin
suffix that means a substance that forms
apex
where is the PMI located, the site where auscultation of the heart is done
interleukin
all of the following are specialized types of lymphocytes except
F
Combining forms modify the meaning of suffixes and prefixes. T or F
cardiomyopathy
disease of the heart muscle
breathing
pne/o
liver enlargement
When a physician palpates the abdomen and documents, "No hepatomegaly," this means that there is no:
gall;bile
bili/o
frontal plane
The orientation of the coronal suture in the cranium corresponds to the orientation of the:
DPM
Which doctor's practice is limited to treating diseases and conditions of the feet?
volvulus
When the intestine twists, forming an obstruction that prevents the passage of food, this is known as a/an:
limping pain
claudicat/o
breathe
hal/o
deglutition
swallowing food
-emia
condition of the blood; substance in the blood. suffix
lymphocytes
smallest leukocytes
liver
ascities is a disease related to the
hematemesis
passing of blood in the stool
none of these
large intestine includes:
posterior to the sternum
location of thymus
LES
The muscular ring that keeps food in the stomach from going back into the esophagus is:
to pass feces
chez/o
saliva
sial/o
abdomen
celi/o
outer aspects
peripher/o
hypogastric region
Which abdominopelvic region is located inferior to the navel?
separation of
-crit
diverticulum
A single hernia pouch in the muscular wall of the colon is spelled:
bacterium
Antibiotic drugs are used to treat pneumococcal pneumonia because it is caused by a:
viscera
The large internal organs in the abdominopelvic cavity are known as:
increase
Vasoconstriction causes the blood pressure to:
remission
A temporary improvement in the symptoms or signs of a disease, without the underlying disease being cured, is known as a/an:
atherosclerosis
Plaque on the arterial walls is characteristic of:
growth; formation
plast/o
new growths
Neoplastic diseases are:
foramen ovale
The normal small opening in the fetal heart that closes at birth is known as the:
outpatients
Sick people who visit a clinic are known as:
leukocytes
All of these help form a clot except:
F
The combining form hem/o- means blood vessel. T or F
degree or quality
The prefixes anti- and dys- belong to a category that describes:
lumen
Which word means the central opening in a blood vessel through which blood flows?
low-fiber diet
Which of the following contributes to the formation of diverticula?
gallbladder
cholecyst/o
abdomen
lapar/o
it produces RBC
All of the following are true of the spleen except:
groin
An inguinal hernia would appear in the area of the:
irregular
poikil/o
sphygmomanometer
The medical language definition of the word ________ is an instrument used to measure the pressure of the pulse by using a thin, inflatable cuff.
swallowing
degluti/o
present at birth
The category of congenital diseases includes diseases that are:
gallbladder
cholelithiasis affects the
duodenum, jejunum, ileum
Which of the following lists the sections of the small intestine in the correct order?
congenital
If an infant is born with cerebral palsy from too little oxygen to the brain while in the uterus or during delivery, this disease is categorized as
resembling 2 projections
Bicuspid means:
stomach
Which of the following is not an accessory organ of digestion?
umbilicus; navel
omphalo/o
colic
a common gastrointestinal problem in babies
abdominal cavity
pelvic cavity is a continuation of the
supine
Lying on the posterior part of the body is being in the ________ position.
HIPAA
Select the abbreviation that would not appear in a history and physical examination report.
hypogastric
The region of the abdominopelvic area that is centered and inferior to the umbilical region is the ________ region.
colon
A barium enema uses a contrast medium to outline the:
enzymes and acid
Chemical digestion involves:
intussusception
Telescoping of one segment of the intestine into the lumen of an adjacent segment is known as a/an:
bile duct
cholangi/o
caratoid
Which artery brings oxygenated blood to the brain, head, and face?
pericardium
Which structure secretes a slippery, watery fluid that allows the two membranes of the sac around the heart to slide smoothly past one another?
keep back; back
isch/o
hydrocodone
for the patient's cough, the physician prescribed the antitussive drug:
iron
ferr/o
hypochondriac
The right and left ________ regions are directly inferior to the ribs.
ears, nose, throat
Otolaryngology is a branch of medicine specializing in diseases and conditions of the ________.
soft, fatty substance
ather/o
pancreatitis
steatorrhea is a symptom of
fundus
The part of the stomach that is superior to the pylorus is the:
food;nourishment
aliment/o
incisional
Which kind of hernia occurs along a surgical suture line?
dilating
diastol/o
lip
cheil/o
a man who attempted suicide by staying in a running car in a closed garage
Which patient would have an elevated serum carboxyhemoglobin?
blood vessel
vascul/o
area of dead tissue
infarct/o
congenital
Disease associated with an abnormality in the fetus is said to be: