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31 terms

AP World History - Chapter 10 Terms

These are the terms for the Chapter 10 Term Quiz in Mrs. Ray's AP History class. Please comment if you have any corrections to offer.
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Middle Ages
Period after pre-classical era after Roman Empire fall
Gothic
Type of architecture with vaulted arches and towers
Vikings
Seagoing people of Scandinavia who ruptured life from Ireland to Sicily
Manoralism
System of economic and political relations between landlords and their peasant laborers
Serfs
Agricultural workers who received some protection from owners of manor
Moldboards
Curved iron plate on a plow
Three-Feild System
System where 1/3 of the land was left unplanted every year to regain fertility
Clovis
Warrior chieftain who converted to Christianity 496 C.E. to gain prestige over local rivals
Cardingians
New family who took over empire that was based in France, Belgium, and Western Germany
Charles Martel
A founder of Carolingian line who defeated Muslims in the Battle of Tours 732 C.E.
Charlemagne
Another Carolingian rule (Charles the Great) who established a substantial empire in France and Germany around 800 C.E.
Holy Roman Emperors
Name given to rulers after Charlemagne fell merging Christian and classical claims
Feudalism
Military relationships in Western Europe
Vassals
Lesser lords who were protected by greater lords
Capetians
ruling family in France that helped gain influence 10th century onward
William the Conqueror
Duke who extended his tight feudal system in his new kingdom
Magna Carta
Confirmed feudal rights against monarchical claims
Parliaments
Body representing not individual voters but privileged groups such as nobles and the church
Hundred Years War
Long battle between France and England
Pope Urban II
Called for first Crusade against Muslims in 1095
St. Clare of Assisi
Exemplified spirit of purity and dedication to the church
Gregory VII
Reform-minded pope who tried to purify the church and free it from interference by feudal lords
Peter Abeland
Wrote a treatise called "Yes or No" in 12th century
St. Bernard of Clairvaux
Powerful monk who challenged Abeland
Thomas Aquinas
Italian born monk who taught at the University of Paris
Scholasticism
Dominant medieval philosophical approach was called because of its base in the schools
Troubadours
Minstrels who were treated like royalty
Hanseatic League
Cities that joined together in northern Germany and southern Scandinavia to encourage trade
Jacques Coeur
One of Europe's most extraordinary merchants
Guilds
Groups of people of the same business or trade into a single city
Black Death
Devastating plague that persisted for several hundred years in Europe