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20 terms

nutrition chapter 7

STUDY
PLAY
What is the most likely reason for a person to have abnormally high blood ammonia levels?
Liver dysfunction
Which of the following is a feature of the metabolism of surplus dietary fat?
Excess fat is almost all stored
What is MEOS?
A system of enzymes that oxidizes alcohol and drugs
Which of the following products is not generated via TCA cycle or electron transport chain?
Ammonia
The effects on metabolism from starvation are similar to those from
fasting
Which of the following compounds cannot be formed from fatty acids?
Glucose
A person with fruity odor on the breath demonstrates evidence of metabolic
ketosis.
Chronic excess alcohol intake leads to all of the following effects on folate except
the small intestine recycles more folate.
Lillie has been losing weight by following a very-low-carbohydrate diet for 2 months. Her primary care physician just diagnosed ketosis through a urine sample. Which of the following symptoms would be another way the physician might have suspected ketosis in Lillie?
Fruity odor on breath
The series of reactions involving the conversion of glucose to pyruvate is known as
glycolysis.
Binge drinking is defined as the successive consumption of
4-5 drinks
Jason is 35 years old and was recently diagnosed with 2 failing kidneys. He was advised to decrease the amount protein he consumes. If Jason cheats by eating an 8-ounce steak for dinner tonight, shortly thereafter there would most likely be an increase in the urea levels of his
blood.
Which of the following statements is not characteristic of alcohol metabolism?
Alcohol is metabolized by muscle and brain cells as well as by the liver
Jake is getting ready for spring training and is sitting down to a dinner of half a chicken, a rib-eye steak, black beans, and 5 slices of bacon. He has been eating typical dinners like this for about a month and has since gained 7 pounds, while exercising only briefly. When Jake asks why he doesn't see an increase in his biceps or abs, the proper response should be
dietary protein alone does not contribute to muscle accretion.
Which of the following is a characteristic of the metabolism of specific macronutrients?
The rate of fat oxidation does not change when fat is eaten in excess
Which of the following is not a possible fate of metabolized glucose?
Urea
Approximately how many ATP molecules are synthesized from the complete oxidation of a molecule of palmitic acid?
129
What is the median weekly number of alcoholic drinks consumed by college students?
1 1/2
A person said to have acetone breath most likely has the condition known as
ketonemia.
The amount of ethanol in a typical "drink" is
0.5 ounce