Terms in this set (69)
The actor's right as he stands onstage facing the audience
The actor's left as he stands onstage facing the audience
Toward the audience
Away from the audience
Toward the audience. Same as "Downstage of."
Away from the audience. Same as "Upstage of."
Toward the center of the stage.
Away from the center of the stage
The segment of the stage in front of the main curtain
The part of the stage enclosed by the setting which is visible to the audience in any particular scene.
A segment of the stage running the full width or depth.
All parts of the stage not enclosed by the setting.
The offstage areas to the right and left of the acting area.
The auditorium where the audience sits.
What is the strongest area of the stage?
Indicated by X. Are movements from one stage area to another. Generally the actor takes the shortest, most direct route, which is a straight cross. Straight crosses indicate strength and determination. A curved cross suggests indecision, casualness, grace, or ease.
In order that a director may designate an actor's position onstage precisely. The acting portion of the stage is divided into areas.
The strongest area of the stage. In our culture, we read left to right. The innate habit is to look left first when in the audience, then survey the rest of the stage. The audience left is stage right. Downstage is stronger than upstage, because it's closer to the audience.
apply to the actor as he faces the audience.
Also known as FF. The actor faces directly front. This position is used for important lines.
Also known as 1/4 left and 1/4 right. The body is a quarter turn away from the audience, right or left at a 45 degree angle. This position is the most frequently used when two actors share a scene, for it places each of their bodies so that the audience can easily see them.
Also known as Pro. Two actors face each other directly with the upstage foot advanced slightly toward the center. This position is used for intense scenes such as quarreling, accusing, romancing, etc. It is sometimes used to obtain comic effects.
Also known as 3/4. The actor turns away from the audience so that they could see three quarters of his back and only one quarter of his face. This position is used when it is necessary for an actor to "give" a scene, or turn all attention to another actor upstage who "takes" the scene.
Also known as FB.The actor stands with his back to the audience. This position is used only in special cases.
This position is one in which the actor is facing toward the audience, or nearly so. to It means to turn toward the audience. Since effective communication requires that the actor be seen and heard, he must-without sacrificing believability-keep himself as "open" as possible. You should follow these practices unless there is a reason for doing otherwise:
1.Play shared scenes in a quartered position
2.Make Turns Downstage
3.Do not cover yourself or other actors in making gestures or passing objects.
4.Kneel on the downstage knee
This position is one in which the actor is turned away from the audience. To "close in" is to turn away from the audience.
Actors Position in Relation to Each Other
Actor's position in relation to each other are considered with regard to the relative emphasis each actor receives.
Two actor share a scene when they are both "open" to an equal degree, allowing the audience to see them equally well.
Give and Take
When two actors are not equally "open" and one receives a greater emphasis than the other, the actor emphasized is said to take the scene.The other is said to give the scene.
The term applied when one actor takes a position above another factor which forces the second actor to face upstage, or away from the audience. Since the downstage actor is put at a disadvantage, it has an unpleasant connotation and is generally to be avoided. You should take positions on the exact level of the actor with whom you are playing. Learn neither intentionally nor unintentionally to upstage another actor unless you are directed to do so.
You must find a reason for the character to move (to advance; to retreat,to do some business.)
What Foot Do You Start A Cross With?
It takes 2 crosses. Cross Left to Right. Turn in, then cross upstage.
How many crosses does it take to get upstage?
Backing Up On Stage
Don't do this on stage unless directed to. It looks amateur.
A movement in the opposite direction in adjustment to the cross of another actor. The instruction usually given is "Counter to left" or "Counter to right" If only a small adjustment is necessary, the actor should make it without being told.
An actor is said to be doing this when another actor moves into a position between him and the audience, thus obstructing him from view. It is usually to be avoided. These principles and practices are generally to be observed:
1.The responsibility is on the downstage actor. In other words, do not stand in front of another actor.
2. If another actor does stand directly below you,make a small adjusting movement.
3. Since a moving actor usually should receive attention, make crosses below other actors so you are not covered. This rule does not apply if the moving actor should not receive attention.
A direction requesting the actors to adjust their positions to improve compositional effect of the stage picture.
Small actions, such as smoking, eating, using a fan, tying a necktie, are known on the stage as "business"
Business often involves the use of these. Also known as Props
Small objects which the actors handle onstage such as teacups, letters, books, and candles.
Hand props which are carried on the actor's person and are used only by him-such as watches, spectacles, cigarette holders. An actor is usually responsible for taking care of his personal props during rehearsals and performances.
Costume accessories used by the actor in executing business-such as fans, walking sticks, gloves, and handbags.
Objects for dressing the stage which are not used by the actors executing their business.
Tables are usually placed offstage right and left to accommodate props which the actors carry on and off the set. The property master and the stage manager are responsible for placing props on the tables, but a careful actor checks his props before each performance. And it is the actor's responsibility to return immediately to the table all props he carries off the set.
Coming from Latin ad libitum (at pleasure), the term applies to lines supplied by the actor wherever they may be required as in crowd scenes or to fill in where there would otherwise be an undesirable pause.They must be motivated and related to the character's intention as carefully as the playwright's dialogue. Mechanical or indifferent, they can also destroy belief in an otherwise effective scene.
A line which the other actor's onstage are not supposed to be hearing. It was a regular convention in plays of the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. It is rarely used by modern dramatists.
To increase the tempo or the volume or both in order to reach a climax.
The last words of a speech, or the end of an action, indicating the time for another actor to speak or act. An actor must memorize these as carefully as he memorizes his lines.
Lines on which the actor does not project his voice sufficiently to be heard are said to be dropped. The direction in such a case is usually, "Don't drop your lines." The term is also used to mean unintentional omission of lines.
Pick up cues
A direction for the actor to begin speaking immediately on cue without allowing any lapse of time. Beginning actors tend to be slow in picking up cues with the result that they often fail to maintain a tempo fast enough to hold the interest of the audience.
Giving special emphasis to a word or phrase. An actor may also be directed to "point" a movement or a piece of business.
The last line of a scene or act. It usually needs to be "pointed".
Overlapping speeches so that one actor speaks before another has finished. It is a technique for accelerating the pace and building a climax.
To "build" a line higher than the one that preceded it.
Like a picture frame; the audience sits on one side to watch the action through the frame. Often, curtains hide the scenery until the play begins.
The audience sits on two or three sides of the acting area, which projects, or thrusts, into the audience area from a rear wall, which has some kind of scenery.
The audience sits all around the stage
Determines the interpretation to be used throughout
Determines the blocking or movement on stage
Keeps the blocking plot (diagram of the stage floor with actors' movements marked)
Helps actors to learn their lines
Acts as messenger to backstage crew
Chief of all the backstage crews
Keeps actors backstage quiet and ready for entrances
Checks that everything is in place on stage before each performance
makes decisions about size, shape, color, & texture of set
consults with director to create the appropriate clothing for actors
creates the lighting plot (plan detailing intensity, color & position of lights)
responsible for acquire costumes and maintenance
responsible for acquiring all props and storing them after each rehearsal & performance
plays music and sound effects; checks sounds levels for microphones
helps to maintain scenery and changes scenery during a show
helps to choose the correct look for each actor on stage (straight makeup / character makeup)
handles paid advertising, free publicity, poster and flyer distribution