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US History 2nd Semester Final Morton East-CORE
Terms in this set (65)
Brown V. Board of Education Topeka, Kansas
Supreme Court decision that ended the doctrine of 'separate but equal' in schools. It required schools in the south to integrate public schools.
Montgomery Bus Boycott
For 381, blacks in AL walked, took cabs, got rides, etc. to avoid taking the buses in protest, it was successful in ending segregated seating on buses.
Black and white young people rode Greyhound buses throughout the south with the goal of integrating waiting rooms. Many buses were met with white violence, particularly in Mississippi and Alabama.
Civil Rights Movement
The fight to end Jim Crow laws, gain voting rights for African-Americans in the 1950s and 1960s
Became the first black baseball player in MLB in 1947. Besides playing baseball, he wrote letters to the President concerning civil rights for blacks.
President during the early days of the Civil Rights movement of the 50s, called the National Guard in to protect and escort Little Rock 9 in Central H.S.
March on Washington
Over 250,000 Americans converged on the capitol to call for jobs and freedom for African-Americans. It is where MLK gave his famous 'I Have a Dream' speech
Civil Rights leader that had issues with nonviolence, especially when violence was used by whites against blacks.
Lead the farm workers of California, mostly grape pickers. Used hunger strikes and boycotts to successfully improve wages and conditions for workers
Black Panther Party/Bobby Seale
A grass roots organization that worked to improve the black community, however some members turned violent and killed police officers.
American Indian Movement
During the 1960s/70s Natives fought to gain back their lands and culture
Event in 1969 in which gay bar patrons stood up to police. It sparked a gay rights movement in the late 1960s and 70s
By refusing to move to the back of the bus and being arrested for it, she was spark that ignited the Montgomery Bus Boycott
Roe Vs. Wade
Supreme Court decision of 1973 that made it illegal to deny a woman a right to an abortion in the 1st trimester of pregnancy
Name for President Johnson's plan to end poverty. It included medical insurance for poor and elderly, pre-school education and food stamps.
Scandal that involved President Richard Nixon and his role in a cover up of a break in at a Democratic office and illegal wiretapping. Nixon eventually resigned. The event was a turning point in causing many to distrust government.
Immigration Control and Reform Act of 1986
Made hiring of illegal immigrants against the law, granted amnesty to some illegal immigrants, and required employers to report he immigration status of their workers.
Wrote a book called 'The Feminine Mystique' that revealed that many women were not happy playing the role of suburban housewife and mother
A time when reformers were trying to fix the problems that came from industrialization
writers and journalists that exposed the corruption and inefficiency on the part of big business and government
A four month war in 1898 in which the U.S. went to war with Spain in order to help Cuba gain its independence. The U.S. gained the Philippines, Guam and Puerto Rico.
A progressive era amendment that called for the direct election of senators by the people
A progressive era amendment that prohibited the sale, distribution, manufacture of alcohol
A progressive era amendment that created a federal income tax
Progressive Era legislation that regulated railroad rates
Gave women the right to vote in 1920
One reason for involvement in Spanish-American War, annexation of Hawaii, and Philippines
to gain overseas naval bases and refueling stations
After the 1880s/90s, most immigrants came from Southern and Eastern Europe. (Old came from Western Europe, Great Britain, Northern Europe)
President Wilson's reason for U.S. entry into WWI
to make the world safe for democracy
U.S. after WWI
U.S. condemned communism and a Red Scare, restricted immigration, and isolated itself from international conflicts.
women of the 1920s that challenged the traditional roles and appearance of women. They wore their hair short, smoked and drank in public and discussed politics.
A teacher was found guilty of breaking a law against the teaching of evolution in TN. It represented a shift from religion to science or traditionalism to modernism in the 1920s.
Sacco and Vanzetti
Italian immigrants that did not get a fair trial due to the fear of foreigners and anti-immigrant policies of the 1920s.
the development of African-American culture, literature, and art in New York City.
Causes of the Great Depression
Uneven distribution of wealth, unregulated stock market, installment buying, buying on credit, farmers overproduced and were broke, most Americans didn't save money, stock market crash
President during the 1920s that advocated a laissez-faire or hands off approach to the economy. May have caused the Great Depresssion
Stock Market Crash
Event that began the Great Depression, it caused many businesses to close, and therefore high unemployment
Program started by FDR that proved that the government would now take responsibility for the welfare of the people. Numerous programs put Americans to work.
U.S. Response to Japanese Aggression in China, 1930s
placed an oil and trade embargo on Japan and froze all Japanese assets in America
where many Japanese Americans living on the west coast were placed because the government believed they were a threat to national security after the attack in Pearl Harbor
Pearl Harbor attack
December 7, 1941, the surprise attack by the Japanese on the U.S. naval base prompted the U.S. to enter WWII
Plan to loan and supply Great Britain with planes, tanks, etc. to help win the war to prevent to war against Axis powers from coming to America
June 6, 1944, Allied Powers invaded Nazi controlled northern France. It was the beginning of the end of WWII for Germany
The U.S. had to fight both in Europe against the Nazis as well as in the Pacific against Japan
The year war broke out in Europe. Germany invaded Poland on Sept. 1 , 1939
Response to Japanese Aggression in China
The U.S. froze Japanese assets, placed an embargo on oil on Japan.
Americans were asked to limit the amount of fuel, oil, metal, meat, wheat, etc. for it to be used for the war effort.
Rosie the Riveter
Propaganda tool used to motivate women to do their part for the war effort.
U.S. Response to Holocaust
U.S. set up a War Refugee Board in 1944, but probably to late. Also, the U.S. didn't want to use military resources on the camps or trains. U.S. thought the best way to help would be to win the war quickly.
Korematsu vs. U.S.
Supreme Court decided it wasn't a violation of rights to place Japanese Americans in internment camps. National security was more important.
President that decided to use Atomic Bomb on Japan
Reasons U.S. was better off than others at the end of WWII
Lost fewer soldiers, only country to possess nuclear weapons, no combat or bombing occurred on the U.S. mainland
policy of keeping communism from spreading
ideological war between the U.S./Democracy/Capitalism and Soviet Union/Communism for influence over the world from 1945 to 1991.
$13 billion in economic aid and assistance to war torn countries to prevent communist takeovers
Soviet satellite launched in 1957 that caused many Americans to fear that we were behind in the space race, science and technology
In 1950, communist North Korea surprise attacked South Korea. The U.S. and UN joined forces to defend South Korea. The war ended in a stalemate with Korea remaining divided at the 38th parallel, remaining half communist, half
Bay of Pigs
A failed attempt by the CIA and CIA trained Cuban refugees to overthrow the communist dictator, Fidel Castro, of Cuba.
Cuban Missile Crisis
In October 1962, the U.S. placed a quarantine around Cuba to prevent a Soviet delivery of the mechanisms that could launch missiles from Cuba to the U.S. Many believed the U.S. and Soviets were on the brink of war, but after 13 days it was peacefully resolved.
The U.S. committed troops to the southeast Asian country of Vietnam in 1964 to aid the South Vietnamese resist communism. It was a very unpopular war that resulted in the first and only American loss in a war/conflict.
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
proposed by President Johnson, Congress gave the President a 'blank check' and unlimited used of power to hold back or fight communist forces in Vietnam.
37th President of the U.S., opened up diplomatic relations with China, started a period of détente, or eased tension, between the U.S. and Soviets.
Reasons for End of Cold War
Soviet Union had economic problems, internal issues, Gorbechev was open to capitalism, Soviets couldn't keep up with U.S. military spending.
Reasons for U.S. Withdrawal from Vietnam
public pressure and protest, Tet offensive proved that the U.S. could not win. Many Vietnam Veterans came out against the war
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
President during the Great Depression and World War II
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