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Unit 1: Foundations of Morality: God's Plan
Terms in this set (22)
Why are human beings unique among all of God's creation?
we are given a spiritual soul, created in his image, and can be in communion with him
*Three God-given gifts that allow us to live in true, loving communion with God
soul, intellect, freewill
innermost aspect of ourselves; immortal and animates our bodies
ability to see and understand the order of things God has established
allows human beings to chose from among various options
What are some factors that can diminish our freedom and lessen the moral responsibility of our resulting actions?
psychological factors, fear, unknown consequences of a medication, lack of faith, and strong social pressures
the human tendency to sin (the result of original sin)
Describe what it means to live the Beatitudes.
bringing meaning to our moral choices, promise that we will know happiness by embracing hardships and that we ill know true joy by pursuing righteousness (they do not promise that we will fully know the joy God intends for us)
How does God provide us with the direction and the strength to live a life of beatitude?
He gives us scripture and tradition
the process by which God frees us from sin and sanctifies us
How do we gain merit in the sight of God?
acceptance to his gift and participation in his saving plan
Why is every person obliged to follow moral law?
to live in loving communion with God now and forever
*Name 5 different types or expressions of moral law.
natural moral law, old law (moral law revealed in the O.T.), new law (moral law revealed by Christ in the N.T.), the precepts of the Church, canon law
moral law that can be understood through the use of reason. God-given ability to understand what it means to be in the right relationship with God, other people, the world, and ourselves (the basis is our participation in God's wisdom and goodness because we are created in the divine likeness)
Why is natural moral law important?
allows for the development of civil laws that everyone can agree to regardless of their faith, religion, or culture
What law do the 10 Commandments summarize? What is another name for the 10 Commandments?
summarize the Old Law; Decalogue
Why is the New Law called "New"?
fulfilled and completed the Old Law, taught by Jesus
Give an overview of the content of the Sermon on the Mount.
Jesus proclaims the Beatitudes and teaches the importance of living the New Law
*The 2 types of Church law.
Precepts of the Church and Canon Law
*Precepts of the Church
commandments of the Church, basic obligations for all Catholics decayed by the laws of the Church
official body of laws that provide good order in the visible body of the Church
gift of the Holy Spirit to the whole Church by which the leaders of the church are protected from fundamental error when formulating a specific teaching on a matter of faith and morals
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