Ch 11 & 12 Vocab
Terms in this set (29)
Support on a cathedral
A cross in which all the arms are the same length.
A method of representation fixed by religious principles and ideas.
A portrait or image; especially in the Eastern Christian churches, a panel with a painting of sacred personages that are objects of veneration. In the visual arts, a painting, a piece of sculpture, or even a building regarded as an object of veneration.
The destruction of images. In Byzantium the period from 726 to 843 when there was an imperial ban on images. The destroyers of images were known as iconoclasts, while those who opposed such a ban were known as iconophiles or iconodules.
An almondshaped nimbus, or glory, surrounding the figure of Christ or other sacred figure.
In Christian art, the image of Christ as ruler and judge of heaven and earth.
A concave, triangular piece of masonry (a triangular section of a hemisphere), four of which provide the transition from a square area to the circular base of a covering dome. Although they appear to be hanging (pendant) from the dome, they in fact support it.
An architectural device used as a transition from a square to a polygonal or circular base for a dome. It may be composed of lintels, corbels, or arches.
A covered walkway, outdoors (as in a cloister) or indoors; especially the passageway around the apse and the choir of a church.
A recess, usually singular and semi-circular, in the wall of a Roman basilica or at the east end of a Christian church.
Concentric circles center around cirlce
A two-paneled painting or altarpiece; also, an ancient Roman, Early Christian, or Byzantine hinged writing tablet, often of ivory and carved on the external sides.
In Christianity, the partaking of the bread and wine, which believers hold to be either Christ himself or symbolic of him.
A page of a manuscript or book.
Decoration with drawings (usually in gold, silver, and bright colors), especially of medieval manuscript pages.
a recording of information that has been manually created by someone or some people, such as a hand-written letter, as opposed to being printed or reproduced some other way
Openings in the walls of catacombs to receive the dead.
A semi-circular area (with the flat side down) in a wall over a door, a niche, or a window.
A porch or vestibule of a church, generally colonnaded or arcaded and preceding the nave.
The part of a church between the chief entrance and the choir, demarcated from aisles by piers or columns.
A halo, aureole, or glory appearing around the head of a holy figure to signify divinity.
In Early Christian art, a figure represented with hands raised in prayer.
Lambskin prepared as a surface for painting or writing, one of the materials which comprised the leaves of a codex.
a small plate, usually made of silver or gold, used to hold Eucharistic bread which is to be consecrated
In Early Christian art, the depiction of Old Testament persons and events as prophetic forerunners of Christ and New Testament events. relics In Christianity, the body parts, clothing, or objects associated with a saint or with Christ himself.
an object or a personal item of religious significance, carefully preserved with an air of veneration as a tangible memorial
the area set crosswise to the nave in a cruciform ("cross-shaped") building in Romanesque and Gothic Christian church architecture
mammal skin prepared for writing or printing on, to produce single pages, scrolls, codices or books