Starch storage; Plants
Storage/transport of materials in the cell; All Eukaryotes
Converts fats into sugars; Plants, few Fungi
Storage, homeostasis; All Eukaryotes
Muscle contraction; Animals
Helps spermatozoa fuse with ovum; Many Eukaryotes
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Translation of proteins secreted out of the cell; All Eukaryotes
Protein storage; Plants
Pigment storage; Animals
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Synthesis of lipids and steroids; All Eukaryotes
Forms mitotic spindle; Animals
Digest worn-out organelles, food, etc.; Most Eukaryotes
Production of ribosomes; Most Eukaryotes
Production of energy (ATP); Most Eukaryotes
Translation of RNA into proteins; Eukaryotes, Prokaryotes
Pigment storage; Plants
Photosynthesis; Plants, few Protists
Sorting and modification of proteins; All Eukaryotes
Sequesters cytoplasmic material and organelles for degradation; All Eukaryotes
Lipid storage; Plants
Metabolism of fatty acids and detoxification; All Eukaryotes
Conducts carbon fixation; Some bacteria
Transcription of DNA into RNA; All Eukaryotes
Produce hydrogen and energy (ATP); Few unicellular Eukaryotes
Biosynthesis, including fatty acids; Plants
Provides magnetic orientation; Magnetotactic bacteria
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