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26 terms

Weird Organelles (and basic ones, too)

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Amyloplast
Starch storage; Plants
Vesicle
Storage/transport of materials in the cell; All Eukaryotes
Glyoxysome
Converts fats into sugars; Plants, few Fungi
Vacuole
Storage, homeostasis; All Eukaryotes
Myofibril
Muscle contraction; Animals
Acrosome
Helps spermatozoa fuse with ovum; Many Eukaryotes
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Translation of proteins secreted out of the cell; All Eukaryotes
Proteinoplast
Protein storage; Plants
Melanosome
Pigment storage; Animals
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Synthesis of lipids and steroids; All Eukaryotes
Centriole
Forms mitotic spindle; Animals
Lysosome
Digest worn-out organelles, food, etc.; Most Eukaryotes
Nucleolus
Production of ribosomes; Most Eukaryotes
Mitochondrion
Production of energy (ATP); Most Eukaryotes
Ribosome
Translation of RNA into proteins; Eukaryotes, Prokaryotes
Chromoplast
Pigment storage; Plants
Chloroplast
Photosynthesis; Plants, few Protists
Golgi Apparatus
Sorting and modification of proteins; All Eukaryotes
Autophagosome
Sequesters cytoplasmic material and organelles for degradation; All Eukaryotes
Elaioplast
Lipid storage; Plants
Peroxisome
Metabolism of fatty acids and detoxification; All Eukaryotes
Carboxysome
Conducts carbon fixation; Some bacteria
Nucleus
Transcription of DNA into RNA; All Eukaryotes
Hydrogenosome
Produce hydrogen and energy (ATP); Few unicellular Eukaryotes
Leucoplast
Biosynthesis, including fatty acids; Plants
Magnetosome
Provides magnetic orientation; Magnetotactic bacteria