25 terms

Art Fundamentals - Chapter 4

STUDY
PLAY
actual shape
a positive area with clearly defined boundaries (as opposed to an implied shape)
amorphous shape
a shape without a clear definition; formless, indistinct, and of uncertain dimension
biomorphic shape
an irregular shape that resembles the freely developed curves found in living organisms
cubism
the name given to the painting style invented by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque between 1907 and 1912, which uses multiple views of objects to create the effect of three-dimensionality while acknowledging the two-dimensional surface of the picture plane. Signaling the beginning of abstract art, Cubism is a semiabstract style that continued the strong trend away from representational art initiated by Cezann in the late 1800s
curvilinear shape
a shape whose boundaries consist of predominantly curved lines; the opposite of rectilinear
decorative (shape)
ornamenting or enriching but, more importantly in art, stressing the two-dimensional nature of an artwork or any of its elements.
equivocal space
a condition, usually intentional on the artist's part, in which the viewer may, at different times, see more than one set of relationships between art elements or depicted objects. This may be compared to the familiar "optical illusion."
geometric shape
a shape that appears related to geometry, usually simple, such as a triangle, rectangle, or circle.
implied shape
a shape that does not physically exist but is suggested through the psychological connection of dots, lines, areas, or their edges.
kinetic (art)
from the Greek word kinesis, meaning "motion"; art that includes the element of actual movement
mass
1. in graphic art, a shape that appears to stand out three-dimensionally from the space surrounding it or creates the illusion of a solid body of material
2. in the plastic arts, a physical bulk of material
objective
that which is based, as closely as possible, on physical actually or optical perception. Such art tends to appear natural or real; the opposite of subjective
perspective
any graphic system used to create the illusion of three-dimensional images and/or spatial relationships in which the objects or their parts appear to diminish as they recede into the distance.
planar (shape)
having to do with planes, shapes that have height and width but no indication of thickness
plane
1. an area that is essentially two-dimensional, having height and width
2. a two-dimensional pictorial surface that can support the illusion of advancing or receding elements
3. a flat sculptural surface
plastic (shape)
1. element used in such a manner as to create the illusion of the third dimension on a two-dimensional surface
2. three-dimensional art forms, such as architecture, sculpture, and ceramics
rectilinear shape
a shape whose boundaries consist of straight lines; opposite of curvilinear
shape
an area that stands out from its surroundings because of a defined or implied boundary or because of differences or value, color, or texture
silhouette
the area between or bounded by the contours or edges, of an object; the total shape
subjective
that which is derived from the mind, instead or physical reality, and reflects a personal bias, emotion, or innovative interpretation
surrealism
a style of artistic expression, influenced by Freudian psychology, that emphasizes fantasy and whose subjects are usually experiences revealed by the subconscious mind through the use of automatic techniques.
three-dimensional
possesses, or creates the illusion of possessing the dimensions of depth, height, and width. In the graphic arts, the feeling of depth is an illusion, while in the plastic arts, the work has actual depth.
two-dimensional
possesses the dimensions of height and width, especially when considering a flat surface or picture plane
void
1. an area lacking positive substance and consisting of negative space
2. a spatial area with an object that penetrates and passes through
volume
a measurable amount of defined, three-dimensional space