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includes loss of hearing
ex. headache,vertigo and facial pain
it includes the auditory acoustic(eight cranial nerve)
is a failure of the body structures around the neutral tube to closed properly during embryonic development.
direct smooth muscle relaxant that is injected into corpus cavernosum, and is usually used together with phentolamine User-contributed
cavitron ultrasonic surgical aspirator
fragment and emulsifies a tumor ultrasonically while irrigating and aspirating the resulting debris it high.
sensory nerve transmit stimuli from the mucosa of the nose pharnyx upper lip, teeth, palate
stimuli from uppr eyelid cornea, lacrimal nasal cavity, side of the nose, and the forehead.
mixed stimuli from the anterior tongue and lower teeth and mores tthte muscles.
Circle of willis
ring of arteries that gives rise to the various branches supplying blood to the brain.
the brain's sensory switchboard, located on top of the brainstem; it directs messages to the sensory receiving areas in the cortex and transmits replies to the cerebellum and medulla
Ideal temperature for irrigation fluid that willl be used intracranially?
they use normal body temperature
name the three trigeminal nerves
trigeminal opthalmic, trigeminal maxillary, and trigeminal mandibular
where is the CSF formed? how is it form?
specialized capillaries called choroid plexuses produced approx. 800ml of CSF a day
- choroid plexuses produce CSF by filtration of plasma
what does the CSF contain?
colorless fluid contains small amounts of protein, glucose, lactic acid, urea, and potassium as well as a relatively large amount of sodium chloride.
two seperated mayo stand needed for Transsphenoidal Procedure
-access to the pituitary is gained through the mouth and nose which are considered nonsterile.
-therefore the nasal instrument are isolated on one mayo stand.
type of obstruction of the aqueducts between the ventricles that can lead to hydrocephalus.
scarring, tumor, inflammation, edema
causes of growth hormones overproduction
caused by a tumor on the anterior part of the pituitary gland
mayfield pin-fixation device used
position and stabilizing the head and neck during surgical intervention.
the use of screw and plate geometry to apply force at the fracture site?(type of compression)
the usage of nitrousoxide in during recontructive ear surgery
not use in ear (because it expands the ear)
what is hydrops?
abnormal commulation of clear water fluid in the tissue of osmotically active components
which structure articulates with the distal clavicle and provides attachment for muscle from arm and chest
patient is scheduled from an anterior cruciate ligament repair. the surgeon plans to use the patient patellar tendon. this examples which type of graft
manipulating bone fracture fragment into alignment with out incision thte skin is called
surgical correction or repair of defects or injuries in the eardrum or the bones of the middle ear
which ligament originates from anterior internaculila (middle of tubia)
anterior cruciate ligament ACL
a coiled, bony, fluid-filled tube in the inner ear through which sound waves trigger nerve impulses
which two of the muscle are use as autograft for easier ACL reconstruction
hanstring, and quadracile
the part of the nervous system of vertebrates that controls involuntary actions of the smooth muscles and heart and glands
Polymethyl methacrylate is used to secure and cement some orthopedic implants. It is highly toxic to OR staff and exposure can produce: eye irritation, skin irritation, depression of the central nervous system. Respiratory tract irritation. Preg. woman should not be present in OR during mix of the bone cement.
surgical resection of unnecessary palatal and oropharyngeal tissue to open the airway (uvulopalatopharyngoplasty)
which two of the following muscle are used for an autograftt ACL reconstruction
sudden weakness and numbness of face, arm, leg, on one side of body, difficulty talking or understanding speech, dimmed or blurred vision, no PERL, sudden headaches, dizziness, or confusion, sudden changes in mood, ringing in the ears, drooling, loss of bowel or bladder control, seizure (rare)
a technique that uses magnetic fields and radio waves to produce computer-generated images that distinguish among different types of soft tissue; allows us to see structures within the brain
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