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The four major parts of the circulatory system are
heart, blood vessels, blood, and lymphatic system
The valves located in the heart are important because they
prevent blood flow from flowing backwards
When the right artium contracts it forces blood through the tricuspid valve into the _____ ventricle
The AV node has several important qualities that help the heart function - which one is not quality of AV node
enables a loss of atrial kick
The function of the bundle branch system is to
conduct electrical impulse from the AV node to purkinje fibers
What is the name of structure that separates the lower chambers of the heart?
What is the vessel that brings blood to the heart from the trunk and pelvic region
inferior vena cava
This drug commonly reduces or eliminates angina pectoris due to its ability to increase blood flow to the cardiac muscles by dilating coronary blood vessels
Surgical procedure is done to provide the myocardium with a new source of blood supply when a coronary artery is occluded
coronary artery bypass graft
Chronic condition in which the enlarge heart cannot pump sufficient amounts of oxygenated blood to the body
congestive heart failure
The _____ is the blood vessel that carries oxygen-rich blood from the lungs to the heart
The blood vessel branching from the heart that carries deoxgenated blood to the lungs is called the
The PT is in the emergency department with an occluded coronary artery due to a thrombus - which drug will be administered
Trace the pathway of blood through the pulmonary and systemic circulation beginning at the vena cava, going to a capillary of the body, and returning to the atrium of the heart
right atrium into right ventricle; then right and left pulmonary veins to left atrium; left ventricle through semilunar valve to aorta to aorta to arterioles and capillaries of the body; superior and inferior vena cava and into the right atrium
What is the name of the structure that separates the lower chambers of the heart
In terms of their location or movement, an embolus is a ____ clot, and a thrombus is a ____ clot
Blood moves through blood vessels in which of the following sequences, starting from the heart?
arteries, arterioles, capillaries, venules, veins
____ is a blood condition in which there is a less than normal number of red blood cells or there is abnormal or deficient hemoglobin.
In a physical assessment, the heart rate is determined by palpating the pulse in the ____ artery in the wrist.
The section of the electrical conduction system of the heart that is located just after the AV node is the
bundle of His
Which test could provide information to determine the extent of coronary artery narrowing
The first arteries to branch off of the aorta feed the heart muscle itself. These arteries are called
Congestive heart failure involving the right side of the heart would be evident in the body as
This test is used to determine the amount of red blood cells packed in a specific volume of blood
The Pro Time is
performed to evaluate coumadin therapy, also know as prothrombin time, a timed test to measure the blood's ability to clot
A patient with type B blood was accidentally given a transfusion of type A blood. red blood cells were destroyed as a result. This is known as
Patients on heparin will have a higher than normal value for ______ in their blood
Which is the fluid portion of the plasma that remains when clotting factors in the plasma are activated to form a blood clot
Which is a blood test performed to monitor the effectiveness of the anticoagulant heparin when it is given in high doses to cardiac surgery patients?
activated clotting time (ACT)
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