8th Grade End of Year Review
Terms in this set (72)
Government where the country is more important than any one person, group or liberty.
Government where a group of states are governed by one Central Power
Person who believes in one strong central government
Economic system where few restrictions are placed on business activities and ownership
To move INTO a different country
To move OUT OF one's own country
Rule by an emperor with military force
Sustained increase in prices for goods and services
When people of different ethnic or racial groups come together in a place
House of Representatives and Senate
an assembly of people who make laws (Congress, Parliament, House of Representatives, etc.)
Belief that a country should have a strong military that is prepared to use it aggressively to promote national interests
Strong belief for a nation within its own geographical area keep its culture, language, etc.
No taxation without representation
A slogan of the Revolutionary War and the years before. The colonists were not allowed to choose representatives to parliament in London, which passed the laws under which they were taxed.
making more of a product than what is on demand
the principle that the authority of a state and its government is created and sustained by the consent of its people, through their elected representatives. Rule by the People, who are the source of all political power.
A nationwide constitutional ban on the production, importation, transportation and sale of alcoholic beverages that remained in place from 1920 to 1933. (18th Amendment)
Information, especially of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote or publicize a particular political cause or point of view.
to distinguish that one race of people is superior to another
A consent of approval
A business cycle contraction which results in a general slowdown in economic activity
Setting someone or a group of people apart from others
Separation of powers
an act of vesting (giving power to) the legislative, executive, and judicial powers of government in separate bodies
Direct action that involves one or more people occupying an area for a protest, often to promote political, social, or economic change
The rights and powers held by individual US states rather than by the federal government
the right to vote in political elections
a tax or way to make imported goods more expensive
Revenue by the government
Government recognizes no limits to its authority and strives to regulate every aspect of public and private life
Something that is not allowed by the Constitution
Person who is against slavery
Adding or changing something in a document
Opposed a strong federal government, but rather having States and Local governments have their own power.
Diplomatic policy of making political or material concessions to an enemy power in order to avoid conflict.
An agreement made by opposing sides in a war to stop fighting for a certain time; a truce or ceasefire.
During Cold War, Soviet Union and US tyring to make the largest mass destruction weapons
Articles of Confederation
Served as the written document that established the functions of the national government of the United States after it declared independence from Great Britain
Bill of Rights
Collective name for the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution
Laws passed by Southern states in 1865 and 1866, after the Civil War that had the intent and the effect of restricting African Americans' freedom, and forcing them to work in a labor economy based on low wages or debt.
Jim Crow Laws
Laws enacted by Southern states and municipalities, beginning in the 1880s, that legalized segregation between blacks and whites
Sealing off a place to prevent people or goods from entering or leaving
Ban to stop buying goods from or to stop relations with a place or group
An economic and political system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit, rather than by the state
checks and balances
Each of the three branches of government can limit the powers of the other so that no one branch becomes too powerful
Rights that protect individuals' freedom from infringement by governments, social organizations, and private individuals. They ensure one's ability to participate in the civil and political life of the society and state without discrimination or repression.
A political and economic system in which the major productive resources in a society—such as mines, factories, and farms—are owned by the public or the state, and wealth is divided among citizens equally or according to individual need.
An agreement or a settlement of a dispute that is reached by each side making concessions (less than desirable or reduction from what was wanted)
Keeping something under control or in limits
A way of life of a group of people--the behaviors, beliefs, values, and symbols that they accept
A long-term downturn in economic activity
Spending exceeds revenue over a particular period of time
Power is vested in the people, who rule either directly or through freely elected representatives
Country is ruled by one person
treatment or consideration against or for a person
Strong belief from the 1950s to the 1980s, that speculated that if one country in a region came under the influence of communism, ours could.
An area of the production, distribution, or trade, and consumption of goods and services by different agents in a given geographical location
freeing someone from slavery
An official ban on trade or other commercial activity with a particular country
freedom from restrictions and beliefs
Common group of people who identify with each other sharing a common language, ancestry, cultural, social or national experience
an agreement or treaty between two nations
A Federal District in the U.S.
How many states are in the U.S.?
How many counties are in North Carolina?
Capital of North Carolina
Voters choose representatives to vote for them
A country's strength is measured by the amount of gold it has / country should sell more than it buys / Colonies exist for the Mother Country
A cruel and unjust government
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