27 terms

Biology Classification Quiz

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What way of classification is by physical similarities?
Old way
What way of classification is by molecular similarities?
New way
What is another name for the old way of classification?
Morphology
Which scientist had 2 kingdoms? (Plants and Animals)
Carolus Linnaeus
What does taxa mean?
Group
Why do people classify?
To make it useful, organized
What are the levels of classification from broadest (biggest) to specific (smallest)?
Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, and Species
Each species; name is __1__ and is usually ___2___
1. Unique
2. Descriptive
Scientific names are in what language?
Latin
What level of classification are scientific names named in? HINT: 2
Genus and Species
Why are scientific names in Latin?
Because Latin is a dead language
What is a 2 name naming called?
Binomial nomenclature
Genus name is ______
Capitalized
Species name is all ______
Lowercase
Scientific names must be __1___ (when typed) or ___2___ (when handwritten)
1. Italicized
2. Underlined
Up until the 19_1_s - 19_2_s most textbooks still only referred to two kingdoms
- ___3___, which included all bacteria and fungi
- ___4___, which included all protozoa
1. 50
2. 60
3. Plants
4. Animals
In 1959, who developed the 5 kingdom system?
Whittaker
Which kingdom was split into 2 groups?
Monera
What 2 groups was Monera split into?
Eubacteria and Archaebacteria
What is a higher rank of a kingdom called?
Domain
How many domains are there?
3
What are the names of the domains?
Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya
What key gives a yes/no question that divides the organisms into two groups?
Dichotomous Key
Is classification complete?
No, there are constant revisions due to new organisms being classified
Which type of bacteria has a nucleus?
Eukaryotic
Which type of bacteria does not have a nucleus?
Prokaryotic
Whose research prompts that living things should be classified into domains? Grouping above the kingdom level.
Woese