Ryan 9th Grade English Final Exam Review
Terms in this set (36)
The sequene of events in a story. Focuses on conflict or problem faced by the main character. The actions that the characters take to resolve the conflict build toward climax. In general it is not long after this point that the confict is resolved and the story ends.
The first stage of a plot in a typical story. Provides important background information and introduces the setting and the important characters. The conflict that characters face may also be introduced here or it may be introduced later in the rising action.
The stage in a plot in which the conflict develops and story events build toward a climax. During this stage, complications arise that make the conflict more intense. Tension grows as the character struggle to resolve the conflict
In the plot of a story this is the point of maximum interest or tension. Usually it is a turning point in the story which occurs after the reader had understood the conflict and becomes emotionally involved with the characters. SOMETIMES points to a resolution of the conflict.
In a plot this follows the climax and shows the results of the important action that happened at the climax. Tension eases as this begins however the final outcome of the story is not yet fully worked out at this stage. This leads to resolution or the plot.
A struggle between opposing forces. Almost every story has one of these. This is the story's focus.
Something that occurs within a character
Involves a character pitted against an outside force such as nature, a physical obstacle, or another character. I.E.: Person vs person, person vs nature, person vs society, person vs the supernatural.
The individuals who participate in the action of a literary work. Like real people, characters display certain qualities or traits. They develop and change over time and they usually have motivations or reasons for their behaviors.
Most important characters in literary works. Generally plot focuses on them.
The way a writer creates and develops characters personalities. Four basic methods: May make direct comments about characters personality, may describe the characters physical appearance, may present the character's own thoughts, speech, and actions, may present pertinent thoughts, speech and actions
The time and place of the action of a story.
Point of view
The method of narration used Ina short story, novel, narrative open, or work of nonfiction.
The narrator is a character in the story
The narrative voice is outside the action,not one of the characters.
The underlying message about life or human nature that a writer wants the reader to understand. It is the perception about life or human nature that the writer shares with the reader. In Mose cases themes are not stated directly but must be inferred. May imply how a person should live but should not be confused with a moral
A special kind of contrast between appearance and reality. Usually one in which reality is the opposite of what it seems.
A contrast between what a reader or character expects and what actually exists or happens.
Where a reader or viewer knows something that a character does not know.
When someone knowingly exaggerates or says one thing and means another.
An account of a conversation, an episode, or an event that happened before the beginning of a story. Often interrupts the chronological flow of a story to give the reader information needed to understand a character's present situation.
A writer's use of hints or clues to suggest events that will occur later in a story. The hints and clues might be included in a characters dialogue or behavior or they might be included in details or description. Creates suspense, mystery, and surprise and makes readers eager to find our what will happen.
A figure of speech in which human qualities are given to an object, animal, or idea.
Consists of descriptive words and phrases that re-create sensory experiences for the reader. Usually appeals to one or more of the five senses: sight, hearing, smell, taste, and touch, to help the reader imagine exactly what is being described.
A figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things, using the word like or as
A figure of speech that makes a comparison between two things that are basically unlike but have something in common. They do not contain the words like or as
A person, a place an object or an activity that stands for something beyond itself.
The attitude a writer takes toward a subject. Unlike mood, which is intended to shape the reader's emotional response, this reflects the feelings of the writer
The feeling or atmosphere that a writer creates for the reader. Descriptive words, imagery and figurative language contribute to this.
The excitement or tension that readers feel as they wait to find out how a story ends or a conflict is resolved. Writer's create this by raising question in the reader's minds about what might happen next. Can be established by using these techniques: Time, setting, thoughts, Disaster
A larger then life figure who embodies the ideals of a nation or race. Take pat in dangerous adventures and accomplish great deeds. Long difficult journeys and display great courage and superhuman strength
A long, elaborate comparison that often continues for a number of lines.
A brief phrase that points out traits associated with a particular person or thing. In the Odyssey it is called "the master strategist"
Characteristic of an Epic. It involves fantastic or exotic lands. It also involves more than one nation.
When the author directly tells the reader what type of person the character is.
When the author provides clues through the character's words, actions, appearance, and inner thoughts to reveal the character's personality.
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