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19 terms

The endocrine system - diseases & disorders

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Acromegaly
overgrowth of flat bones of face, hands and feet caused by excessive growth hormone in adults
Addison's disease
insufficient adrenal cortex hormones produced causing weakness, pigmentation of skin, wasting etc
Cretinism
under -section of thyroxine hormone in babies - present at birth causing mental and physical retardation
Cushing's syndrome
excessive adrenal cortex hormones causing abnormal distribution of hair, fat and shrinking of genitals
Diabetes insipidus
deficiency of pitressin hormone resulting in copious amounts of urine being produced
Diabetes mellitus
deficiency of pancreatic hormone, insulin - or development of insensitivity to insulin, leading to failure to metabolise carbohydrates
Dwarfism
insufficient growth hormone produced causing lack of growth of long bones in children
Exophthalmos
abnormal protrusion of the eyeball
Gigantism
excessive growth hormone in children, causes excessive growth of long bones
Simple goitre
enlargement of the thyroid gland in the neck, can cause pressure upon the trachea embarrassing breathing
malignant goitre
enlargement of thyroid gland due to hyperthyroidism causing severe toxic symptoms which are dangerous to health
Hyperparathyroidism
excessive production of parathyroid hormone from parathyroid glands
Hypersecretion
excessive secretion
Hypoparathyroidism
inadequate secretion of parathyroid hormone resulting in abnormally low levels of calcium in the blood
Hyposecretion
decreased secretion
Myxoedema
under secretion of thyroxine hormone causing slow metabolism - under active thyroid in adults
Osteitis fibrosis cystica
formation of cysts in the bone due to excess parathyroid hormone production, calcium salts are removed from the bones into the blood
Tetany
condition affecting nerves causing muscle spasms as a result of laow amounts of calcium in the blood caused by a deficiency of the parathyroid hormone.
Thyrotoxicosis
condition of hypersecretion of the thyroid gland characterized by exophthalmia, tachycardia, goiter, and tumor