How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

64 terms

The skin Diseases and disorders

STUDY
PLAY
Abscess
collection of pus in a cavity
Acne rosacea
skin disease due to thinning of the skin producing acne like spots
Acne vulgaris
skin disease inflammation of the sebaceous glands causing papules and pustules
Bullae
large (fluid containing) blisters
Cellulitis
inflammation of the sub-cutaneous layer of the skin
Chancre
an ulcer type sore primary stage of syphilis
Comedone
blackhead
Contusion
bruise bleeding beneath the skin
Cyst
membrane encapsulated sac containing fluid or other materials
Decubitus ulcer
bed sore
Dermatitis
inflammation of the skin
Dermatosis
disease of the skin
Dermoid cyst
cyst present at birth containing embryonic materials
Eczema
inflammatory skin disease due to allergy
Erosion
rubbing away of tissues
Erysipelas
acute contagious condition of the skin causing pain, fever and local inflammation of skin, usually on the face
Erythema
reddening of skin
Excoriation
injury worsened by act of friction
Exfoliation
scaling of skin tissue in layers
Fissure
a split or cleft
Folliculitis
inflammation of a hair follicle
Furuncle
a boil an infection of the tissue around a hair follicle
Haemangioma
birth mark (e.g. port wine type)
Herpes simplex
virus causing skin infection, usually cold sores
Herpes zoster
painful shingles skin eruption along nerve path due to chicken pox virus
Hidrosis
sweating
Hirsuitism
excessive amount of body hair
Hives
also known as urticaria weal-type spots due to allergy as in nettle rash
Hyperhidrosis
excessive production of sweat
Hyperkeratosis
thickening of the horny layer of skin
Impetigo
acute contagious disease producing pustules and scabs
Keloid scar
overgrowth of scar tissue
Lesion
any abnormal change in tissue
Lupus erythematosus
inflammatory dermatitis characterised by butterfly lesion over nose and cheeks
Macule
spot or discolouration of skin not raised above the surface e.g. measles rash
Malignant melanoma
virulent cancerous invasive type of melanin producing cells
Melanoma
pigmented mole of melanin producing cells
Morbilliform
describing a type of rash similar to measles rash
Naevus
birth mark
Onychogryphosis
thickened deformed nails
Pachydermatous
thickened skin
Papilloma
simple tumour (not malignant)
Papule
spot small raised solid elevation
Paronychia
infection of a nailbed (whitlow)
Pediculosis
infestation with lice
Pemphigus
blister like eruptions which can be acute or chronic
Petechiae
small purplish patches under skin due to fluid escaped from small blood vessels
Prodromal rash
a fleeting rash which appears before the true rash of an infectious disease
Pruritus
irritation of the skin
Psoriasis
chronic skin disease characterised by scaly patches of unknown cause
Pustule
pus filled small elevation of the skin
Roseola
a rose coloured rash as in secondary syphilis
Scabies
infestation with the parasite scabies mite producing itching and soreness
Scales
compact layers of epithelial tissue shed from the skin
Seborrhoea
overactivity of the sebaceous glands which produce excessive sebum
Tinea pedis
athlete's foot
Trichosis
any abnormal state of hair
Ulcer
an open sore of skin or mucous membranes
Urticaria
nettle rash an allergic reaction
Vesicle
small fluid filled blister
Vitiligo
patchy white depigmentation of the skin
Wart (verucca)
an epidermal tumour of viral origin or any benign hardening
Wheal
an acute reaction of the skin in nettle rash/urticaria/hives
Xeroderma
abnormally dry skin