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66 terms

The Female Reproductive System-Diseases & Disorders

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Amenorrhoea
absence of menstruation
Anaplasia
highly malignant cells
Antepartum haemorrhage
abnormal bleeding from the womb before the birth
Bicornuate uterus
abnormality where womb has two cavities
Caput succedaneum
soft swelling caused by free fluid (oedema) on the head of a newborn baby at, or shortly after, birth - disappears rapidly
Carneous mole
pregnancy ceases and products of conception are retained in the womb
Cervical erosion
erosion of the neck of the womb
Cervical polyp
a stalk-like benign tumour in the cervix
Cervicitis
inflammation of the neck of the womb
Chlamydia
an infection of the vagina
Chloasma
patchy brown pigmentation on face (like a mask) appearing in pregnancy due to hormone changes - also in women on contraceptive pill
chorion epithelioma
malignant tumour of chorionic cells usually after formation of hyatidiform mole complication
Conjoined twins
'siamese twins' i.e. those that share an organ (organs)
Cryptomenorrhoea
hidden menstruation - loss remains inside the womb due to an unbroken hymen
Cystic fibrosis
inherited disease which glandular tissue abnormal and, in particular, lung tissue becomes increasingly unable to function properly
Cystocele
prolapse of the base of the bladder in women; causes bulging of the wall of the vagina
Dermoid cyst
congenital (present at birth) sac containing embryonic tissue of hair, nails, teeth, skin etc.
Down's syndrome
congenital condition in which there is often severe mental abnormality together with physical features of a mongoloid appearance, large tongue and stubby hands (abnormality of chromosome 21)
Dysfunctional uterine bleeding
heavy menstrual bleeding which does not appear to have any anatomical cause
Dysmenorrhoea
painful periods
Dyspareunia
painful intercourse
Dystocia
slow, difficult labour
Eclampsia
a condition in which fits occur as blood pressure becomes extremely high (danger to both fetus and mother, see pre-eclampsia)
Ectopic pregnancy
embedding of fertilised egg outside of the womb - usually in the fallopian tube
Endometriosis
condition where lining of womb is found in other sites, e.g.colon or pouch of Douglas
Fibroadenoma
a benign tumour composed of fibrous and glandular tissue
Fibroid
a benign tumour composed of fibrous and muscle tissue found in the womb
Fibromyoma
a fibroid (same as meaning of Fibroid)
Galactocele
milk cyst
Gynaecomastia
enlargement of the male breast
Hydatidiform mole
an intrauterine neoplastic mass
Hydramnios
excessive amount of amniotic fluid
Hyperemesis gravidarum
excessive vomiting during pregnancy
Infertility
inability of woman to become pregnant or man to fertilise the ovum (does not mean sterility)
Leucorrhoea
whitish vaginal discharge
Leukoplakia vulva
chronic condition characterised by thick, hard, white patches on the vulva
Lochia
vaginal discharge following childbirth
Malpresentation
abnormal presentation of fetus for delivery
Mastitis
Inflammation of the breast
Mastodynia
pain in the breast
Meconium
first fetal stools - if passed in the womb it is a clear indication of fetal distress in labour
Menorrhagia
excessive loss of blood during menstruation
Metritis
Inflammation of the womb
Metrorrhagia
heavy bleeding not at the time of period
Metrostaxis
persistent slight bleeding from the womb
Miscarriage
spontaneous abortion
Munchausen syndrome by proxy
a situation where a child or other person is deliberately made to appear ill or suffer injury so that the person responsible gains attention
Oligohydramnios
scanty amniotic fluid
Polycystic ovarian syndrome
an increasingly common condition in women in which there are multiple, enlarged follicles of the ovary, together with high levels of testosterone (male hormone). A cause of infertility and also linked with Diabetes Type II
Polymenorrhoea
frequent periods
Post-partum haemorrhage
bleeding following delivery
Pre-eclampsia
a condition during pregnancy where there is a raised blood pressure, albumin in the urine and oedema of the face and body (also known as toxaemia of pregnancy) - it precedes eclampsia
Procidentia
complete prolapse of womb into vagina through to the outside of the body
Prolapse
womb or vaginal wall protrudes into the vagina
Pseudocyesis
false pregnancy
Peurperal psychosis
severe mental illness following childbirth
Peurperal sepsis
infection of the genital tract and blood poisoning following childbirth
Pyosalpingitis
inflammation of the fallopian tube with pus formation
Pyosalpinx
presence of pus in the fallopian tube
Rectocele
prolapse of the rectum into the vaginal wall
Salpingitis
inflammation of the fallopian tubes
Striae gravidarum
silvery lines on thighs and abdomen occuring due to pregnancy - 'stretch marks'
Supernumerary nipples
development of extra nipples (male or female)
Teratogenic
'monster producing' - a virus which is capable of producing deformities in the developing fetus
Vaginismus
involuntary spasm of the vagina preventing penetration during sexual intercourse
Vaginitus
inflammation of the vagina