EOG Science Review
NC EOG REVIEW VOCABULARY
Terms in this set (71)
Wetlands formed where rivers meet the sea
the state of cohering or sticking together, water to water
is the rising of cold water from deeper layers to replace warmer surface water
water that fills the cracks and spaces in underground soil and rock layers
huge, slow moving sheets of ice
ecosystem made of water (ex. lake, pond, ocean)
the property of sticking together (as of glue and wood) or the joining of surfaces of different composition. Water to something else.
A relation between two opposite charges. Water's positive and negative sides.
The ability of something to float in water.
the watery layer of the earth's surface
oxygen in water, is important for fish and other aquatic animals.
muddiness created by stirring up sediment or having foreign particles suspended
water that flows over the ground surface rather than soaking into the ground
Compound that contains nitrogen and oxygen, that is in FERTILIZER. Too much can be harmful for the environment.
The rapid growth of a population of algae
a specific source of pollution that can be identified
Source of pollution that is indistinct and hard to follow, such as runoff
positively charged particle of an atom
neutral particle of an atom
an atomic particle with negative charge
a collection of protons and neutrons in the middle of the atom.
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
average number of protons and neutrons in an element
Group that shares many characteristics. VERTICAL column on the periodic table.
a horizontal row on the periodic table
The amount of weight that an object has.
Amount of space an object takes up.
atoms of different elements bond together
substance consisting of two or more substances mixed together (not with chemical bonding)
amount of heat required to increase the temperature of water
water is known as the ________ because in given time, most materials will dissolve in it
mass divided by volume
the creation of solid particles during a chemical reaction
the ability of a substance to be hammered or beaten into thin sheets
A change that can not be undone, a new substance is made. (Burn paper.... don't do it..)
A change that can be undone, may change state. The identity stays the same. (Ripped paper, still paper)
Ending materials in a chemical reaction.
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
Conservation of Mass
The mass that enters a change, must come out. But, it may look different.
Law of Superposition
The geologic principle that states that in horizontal layers of rock, the layers get older the farther you go down.
A surface that represents a break in the rock record, CAUSED BY EROSION or lack of deposition
the forcing of MOLTEN ROCK between strata of an earlier rock formation
history of the earth from its formation to the present. The earth's history may be divided into several major time periods, called eras.
a major division of geological time, ends in a mass extinction.
used for studying climate change by drilling in ice caps and glaciers that have build up over thousands of years
How likely a person is to get a disease from a chemical. Many factors: health, genetics, environment
microscopic life form
physical or chemical agent that causes mutations
the branch of engineering science in which scientists change lifeforms to make life better. Example: producing a crop of watermelon that is disease resistant, so it will grow better. YUM!
Single celled, no nucleus, live everywhere
DNA wrapped in a protein coating, needs a host cell to multiply.
All cells come from cells, it's the most basic unit of life, all living things have cells.
regulates the traffic of chemicals in and out of the animal cell. Gate keeper.
Jelly fluid in the cell.
Cell organelle that assembles(makes) proteins. Workers.
organelle that provides energy to the cell by converting nutrients into energy. Power plant of the cell. "Mighty _______"
an animal or plant that nourishes and supports a parasite. Or, a cell that allows a virus to replicate.
an organism that lives in or on another organism. A virus can be considered this. (Ex. Tape worm)
any disease-producing agent (especially a virus or bacterium or other microorganism)
a substance that causes cancer
A type of protist characterized by great flexibility and the presence of pseudopod, no definite shape.
single-celled green(has CHLOROPLASTS) protist having a single flagella, and a RED EYE-SPOT.
A protist that lives in fresh water, eats other tiny organisms for food, and moves the the aid of it's eyespot.
short, hair-like structures all around a protist that vibrate to enable movement.
long, hairlike structures that spin to allow movement.
The ability for an object to dissolve.
Technology that uses sound waves to calculate the distance to an object. (Typically underwater)
The amount of heat needed to increase the temperature of a substance by 1 degree.
The diffusion of water through a membrane.
element that has characteristics of metals and nonmetals.
Water with too much calcium and magnesium. That's why some people use a water softener.