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58 terms

IC3 Study Questions

Prep for IC3 exam
STUDY
PLAY
RAM
Random Access Memory; temporary memory. RAM is expandable, and resides on the motherboard.
Hardware
The tangible, physical computer equipment that can be seen and touched.
ROM
Memory whose contents can be accessed and read but cannot be changed. A memory system, that stores information permanently and is not lost when the computer is shut off.
Motherboard
This is the main circuit board that all of the other internal components connect to
CPU
The brain of the computer
Software
intangible instructions for the computer
Thumbnails
miniature representation of a graphic image
Power Supply
converts AC power from the wall outlet into the lower voltages of DC power required to power all components of the computer
Keyboard
most frequently used input device
Magnetic Storage
a technology for recording data onto disks or tape by magnetizing particles of an oxidebased surface coating.
Drivers
needed for new hardware to communicate with operating system
Boot
starting up the computer
Hertz
CPU, RAM, and video card processor speed is measured in this
bit
the smallest binary unit
byte
eight bits
warranty
a manufacturer's ___ determines what the company will do if you discover a flaw in a product.
surge
when the voltage comes in too high
surge suppressor
this takes care of excess voltage with surges.
uninterruptible power supply
provides a battery backup to your compute if the voltage sags or goes out.
CRT
a computer screen made of glass
Recycle Bin
the home of deleted files
Programmer
the name of someone who writes a new application
Mainframe
a massively powerful computer widely used in the academic, banking, and industrial fields
Windows
this operating system has the largest market share
Linux
this operating system uses an open source model of product development and is free
Refresh Rate
the name of the number of times per second a monitor redraws the image
Restocking Fee
charged when you return a computer
255
Windows allows for files names up to this many characters in length
F8
Pressing this function key will cause the operating system to start in safe mode
Context
right clicking on almost anything in Windows causes a ______ menu to appear.
subfolder
a folder inside another folder
asterisk
the wildcard figure used in a search to represent any number of unknown characters
question mark
the wildcard used to replace a single character in a search
wizard
a set of stpes that walks you through installing a new piece of hardware
applet
a small program for controlling settings in the control panel
check mark
identifies the default printer
EULA
a license that you must read and agree to in order to install most software
Slide Master
Use this if you need the same information repeated on multiple slides
Query
a search method for databases
cell
the intersection of a row and a column on a spreadsheet
workbook
multiple worksheets in a single spreadsheet file
.xls
extension for Excel spreadsheet files
.doc
extension for Word document files
.ppt
extension for PowerPoint document files
Norton
name of popular antivirus program
kilobyte
1024 bytes of storage
F1
universal help key
Ctrl + S
keyboard shortcut for save
Ctrl + X
keyboard shortcut for cut
Ctrl + B
keyboard shortcut for bold
Ctrl + V
keyboard shortcut for paste
optical storage
this type of storage uses lasers to read information stored on shiny disks
ports
devices connect to computers through these
plug and play
the term used to describe what happens when you plug a new device into the computer and the operating system recognizes and installs it.
supercomputer
the most powerful type of computer--used for rendering movie special effects
LAN
type of network used to describe computers that are connected in a single physical location
WAN
type of network used to describe computers that are connected to several different locations in different cities and buildings
Bug
an error in computer programming