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Civics Unit 2 Test Review
Terms in this set (33)
State of Nature
living without any laws or government
three rights that people pursue- life, liberty, and property
people want to and will try to survive
to be as free as possible
to own things
a agreement where everyone agrees to give up some rights and freedoms to protect everyone's rights
Rule of Law
The idea that all people must follow the laws and that all laws are enforced fairly
people can make decisions about how their government should work
people have the right to fair and reasonable laws. Officials have to follow the rules when enforcing laws and treat all people in the same way.
a government that has been limited in power by a constitution, or written agreement.
a set of things that people believe they should be free to do without restrictions.
This document is a contract between the government and the governed
To avoid life in a state of nature, the Pilgrims made this document before they ever even got off of the boat.
Petition of Rights
This is the document that came about to stop the king from taxing the people without parliament's consent, housing soldiers in people's houses, and punishing people without giving them a trial.
English Bill of Rights
This document was written almost 100 years before the American Bill of Rights and has many similar rights.
Criticized Christianity and encouraged the separation of church and state
Came up with idea of separation of powers
This thinker thought the constitution is a contract. If leader breaks a rule, he should be taken out of office
His writings encouraged colonist to rebel against England.
This thinker had a pessimistic view of humanity and believed in a strict form of government.
This thinker wrote a book called The Prince about how to get and how to keep political power.
This thinker had an optimistic view of humanity and thus supported a democratic form of government.
a group of people who have the power to make and enforce laws for an area. A type of political (interest in civics) system.
Government system where citizens hold power to rule and majority rules.
Government system where people elect representative to exercise power for them
Rule by a small, elite group of people.
Government system ruled by one person
Power is not inherited, but usually is acquired by force. The leader has absolute control over the lives of his citizens.
Rule by a king and he usually gains his power because his parents were rulers also.
King or Queen has Total Control
King or queen is limited by laws. The real govt is with elected people.
A form of government in which God or a deity is recognized as the supreme civil ruler.
This is the word used for lack or absence of government.
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